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Table 2—

Type 2 diabetes: low-glycemic index diets compared with high-glycemic index diets in studies lasting 2 weeks or longer (10 studies, 174 subjects)

EndpointLow GI significantly better than high GINo significant difference
HbA1c 1 [n = 16] (9) 5 [n = 92] (4,6,8,13,15) 
Fructosamine 3 [n = 41] (10, 11, 14) 3 [n = 54] (8,12,13) 
Fasting plasma glucose 9 [n = 162] (6,8–15) 
EndpointLow GI significantly better than high GINo significant difference
HbA1c 1 [n = 16] (9) 5 [n = 92] (4,6,8,13,15) 
Fructosamine 3 [n = 41] (10, 11, 14) 3 [n = 54] (8,12,13) 
Fasting plasma glucose 9 [n = 162] (6,8–15) 

Data are n. Numbers in parenthesis refer to the reference list. GI, glycemic index.

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