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Table 3—

Multivariate models for diabetes with and without variables associated with the metabolic syndrome*

VariableWomenMen
Model 1   
 Visceral fat (per SD cm22.26 (1.56–3.29) 1.10 (0.86–1.41) 
 BMI (per SD kg/m21.00 (0.77–1.29) 1.33 (0.97–1.82) 
 Adiponectin (μg/ml) 0.54 (0.35–0.82) 0.64 (0.46–0.87) 
 IL-6 (pg/ml) 1.36 (0.92–2.00) 1.64 (1.15–2.34) 
 PAI-1 (ng/ml) 1.13 (0.80–1.59) 1.73 (1.30–2.32) 
 TNF-α (pg/ml) 1.38 (0.77–2.47) 2.09 (1.22–3.59) 
Model 2 (after adjustment for HDL, triglycerides, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure)   
 Visceral fat (per SD cm22.32 (1.57–3.43) 1.08 (0.83–1.39) 
 BMI (per SD kg/m20.99 (0.76–1.29) 1.38 (0.99–1.91) 
 Adiponectin (μg/ml) 0.61 (0.38–0.98) 0.62 (0.43–0.87) 
 IL-6 (pg/ml) 1.31 (0.88–1.95) 1.65 (1.14–2.38) 
 PAI-1 (ng/ml) 1.12 (0.79–1.60) 1.59 (1.17–2.18) 
 TNF-α (pg/ml) 1.32 (0.70–2.50) 1.67 (0.92–3.04) 
VariableWomenMen
Model 1   
 Visceral fat (per SD cm22.26 (1.56–3.29) 1.10 (0.86–1.41) 
 BMI (per SD kg/m21.00 (0.77–1.29) 1.33 (0.97–1.82) 
 Adiponectin (μg/ml) 0.54 (0.35–0.82) 0.64 (0.46–0.87) 
 IL-6 (pg/ml) 1.36 (0.92–2.00) 1.64 (1.15–2.34) 
 PAI-1 (ng/ml) 1.13 (0.80–1.59) 1.73 (1.30–2.32) 
 TNF-α (pg/ml) 1.38 (0.77–2.47) 2.09 (1.22–3.59) 
Model 2 (after adjustment for HDL, triglycerides, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure)   
 Visceral fat (per SD cm22.32 (1.57–3.43) 1.08 (0.83–1.39) 
 BMI (per SD kg/m20.99 (0.76–1.29) 1.38 (0.99–1.91) 
 Adiponectin (μg/ml) 0.61 (0.38–0.98) 0.62 (0.43–0.87) 
 IL-6 (pg/ml) 1.31 (0.88–1.95) 1.65 (1.14–2.38) 
 PAI-1 (ng/ml) 1.12 (0.79–1.60) 1.59 (1.17–2.18) 
 TNF-α (pg/ml) 1.32 (0.70–2.50) 1.67 (0.92–3.04) 

Data are OR (95% CI).

*

Both models are adjusted for race, study site, age, smoking, and physical activity; all adipocytokine measures have been log transformed.

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