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Table 2—

Linear and logistic regression results of the effect of chronic pain on diabetes self-management*

Self-management
Difficulty taking diabetes medicationDifficulty with exerciseDifficulty following eating planDifficulty with foot careDifficulty with monitoring
β-Coefficient (95% CI)P
Chronic pain −5.0 (−7.8 to −2.2) 0.002 1.7 (0.68–4.5) 3.0 (2.1–4.1) 1.6 (1.2–2.1) 1.2 (0.75–1.9) 1.3 (0.62–2.5) 
CES-D 10 score ≥10 −6.6 (−8.9 to −4.3) 0.000 3.2 (2.1–5.0) 1.3 (0.73–2.4) 1.7 (1.2–2.4) 3.2 (1.9–5.3) 1.2 (0.84–1.8) 
Health fair or poor −3.7 (−6.2 to −1.1) 0.008 0.95 (0.39–2.3) 2.0 (1.3–3.0) 1.2 (0.88–1.7) 0.93 (0.56–1.5) 1.4 (0.95–2.0) 
1 comorbid condition vs. none 0.72 (−0.87 to 2.3) 0.350 0.69 (0.25–1.9) 1.4 (1.0–1.8) 1.2 (0.87–1.7) 1.1 (0.57–2.0) 0.74 (0.41–1.3) 
≥2 comorbid conditions vs. none −1.5 (−3.5 to 0.41) 0.110 1.7 (1.1–2.7) 2.0 (1.2–3.2) 1.1 (0.80–1.5) 1.7 (1.0–3.0) 0.79 (0.51–1.2) 
Diabetes not a priority −4.9 (−8.1 to −1.8) 0.004 1.8 (0.99–3.3) 1.3 (1.0–1.6) 1.8 (1.2–2.8) 1.5 (0.83–2.7) 1.7 (1.4–2.2) 
Self-management
Difficulty taking diabetes medicationDifficulty with exerciseDifficulty following eating planDifficulty with foot careDifficulty with monitoring
β-Coefficient (95% CI)P
Chronic pain −5.0 (−7.8 to −2.2) 0.002 1.7 (0.68–4.5) 3.0 (2.1–4.1) 1.6 (1.2–2.1) 1.2 (0.75–1.9) 1.3 (0.62–2.5) 
CES-D 10 score ≥10 −6.6 (−8.9 to −4.3) 0.000 3.2 (2.1–5.0) 1.3 (0.73–2.4) 1.7 (1.2–2.4) 3.2 (1.9–5.3) 1.2 (0.84–1.8) 
Health fair or poor −3.7 (−6.2 to −1.1) 0.008 0.95 (0.39–2.3) 2.0 (1.3–3.0) 1.2 (0.88–1.7) 0.93 (0.56–1.5) 1.4 (0.95–2.0) 
1 comorbid condition vs. none 0.72 (−0.87 to 2.3) 0.350 0.69 (0.25–1.9) 1.4 (1.0–1.8) 1.2 (0.87–1.7) 1.1 (0.57–2.0) 0.74 (0.41–1.3) 
≥2 comorbid conditions vs. none −1.5 (−3.5 to 0.41) 0.110 1.7 (1.1–2.7) 2.0 (1.2–3.2) 1.1 (0.80–1.5) 1.7 (1.0–3.0) 0.79 (0.51–1.2) 
Diabetes not a priority −4.9 (−8.1 to −1.8) 0.004 1.8 (0.99–3.3) 1.3 (1.0–1.6) 1.8 (1.2–2.8) 1.5 (0.83–2.7) 1.7 (1.4–2.2) 

Data are adjusted OR (95% CI) unless otherwise stated.

*

All models were adjusted for the variables listed as well as for annual household income, education, insulin use, age, sex, race, BMI, and clustering by site.

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