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TABLE 2

Adulthood levels of risk variables by clustering status*

Risk variablesMeans SD
% Participants in top quartile
ClusteredNot clusteredClusteredNot clustered
n 48 697 48 697 
BMI (kg/m238.5 ± 6.3 25.6 ± 5.9 100.0 19.1 
Insulin (μU/ml) 29.0 ± 16.2 11.4 ± 8.8 100.0 16.6 
Glucose (mg/dl) 87.6 ± 14.4 79.0 ± 12.8 56.3 21.7 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 122.8 ± 8.5 109.0 ± 9.2 87.5 19.5 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 81.1 ± 8.2 70.5 ± 7.4 75.0 20.2 
Mean arterial pressure (mmHg) 95.0 ± 7.5 83.3 ± 7.3 81.3 20.3 
Cholesterol (mg/dl)     
 Total 204.8 ± 45.4 179.3 ± 35.1 43.8 23.0 
 LDL 133.8 ± 33.7 112.8 ± 30.6 37.5 21.4 
 HDL 39.6 ± 8.3 51.0 ± 12.7 50.0 17.1 
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 193.0 ± 142.6 96.2 ± 58.7 81.3 20.2 
Total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol 5.5 ± 2.7 3.7 ± 1.2 83.3 20.1 
Triglycerides/HDL cholesterol 5.2 ± 4.0 2.1 ± 1.8 83.3 20.2 
Risk variablesMeans SD
% Participants in top quartile
ClusteredNot clusteredClusteredNot clustered
n 48 697 48 697 
BMI (kg/m238.5 ± 6.3 25.6 ± 5.9 100.0 19.1 
Insulin (μU/ml) 29.0 ± 16.2 11.4 ± 8.8 100.0 16.6 
Glucose (mg/dl) 87.6 ± 14.4 79.0 ± 12.8 56.3 21.7 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 122.8 ± 8.5 109.0 ± 9.2 87.5 19.5 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 81.1 ± 8.2 70.5 ± 7.4 75.0 20.2 
Mean arterial pressure (mmHg) 95.0 ± 7.5 83.3 ± 7.3 81.3 20.3 
Cholesterol (mg/dl)     
 Total 204.8 ± 45.4 179.3 ± 35.1 43.8 23.0 
 LDL 133.8 ± 33.7 112.8 ± 30.6 37.5 21.4 
 HDL 39.6 ± 8.3 51.0 ± 12.7 50.0 17.1 
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 193.0 ± 142.6 96.2 ± 58.7 81.3 20.2 
Total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol 5.5 ± 2.7 3.7 ± 1.2 83.3 20.1 
Triglycerides/HDL cholesterol 5.2 ± 4.0 2.1 ± 1.8 83.3 20.2 

Data are means ± SD.

*

Clustering of adverse levels (≥75th percentile specific for age, race, sex, and survey year) of insulin, BMI, systolic blood pressure or mean arterial pressure, and total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol or triglycerides/HDL cholesterol. The latest adult measurements were used;

clustered > not clustered, all P < 0.0001;

more than expected by chance alone, all P < 0.01.

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