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Table 1—

Comparison of characteristics of individuals with major depression by diabetes status

Diabetes (n = 176, N = 969, 599)
No diabetes (n = 1,873, N = 11,141,509)
P value
%SE%SE
Race/ethnicity     0.0414* 
 White 68 4.0 78 1.2  
 Black 13 2.5 11 0.9  
 Hispanic/other 20 3.3 12 0.9  
Age (years)     <0.0001 
 18–34 10 3.2 37 1.4  
 35–49 32 4.3 38 1.3  
 60–64 38 4.3 19 1.1  
 ≥65 20 3.3 0.7  
Women 63 4.4 67 1.3 0.3783 
<High school education 28 3.6 19 1.0 0.0087* 
Poverty ratio (% of federal poverty level)     0.0037 
 <124% 35 4.5 24 1.2  
 124–199% 18 3.4 15 1.2  
 200–399% 31 4.8 32 1.5  
 ≥400% 16 3.5 29 1.4  
Employed 42 4.3 72 1.2 <0.0001 
Married 52 4.5 42 1.6 0.0636 
Health status     0.0009 
 Better 22 3.8 26 1.2  
 Worse 41 4.5 22 1.0  
 Same 38 4.4 52 1.4  
Obesity status (kg/m2    0.0001 
 BMI <18.5 47 4.7 26 1.3  
 BMI 18.5–24.9 29 4.1 31 1.2  
 BMI 25.0–29.9 22 4.2 40 1.4  
 BMI ≥30.0 1.0 0.4  
Smoker 32 4.4 41 1.4 0.046* 
Major complications — Yes 51 4.6 19 1.0 <0.0001 
Visited a primary care physician 88 2.9 71 1.2 <0.0001 
Visited a psychiatrist or mental health professional 29 4.2 29 1.2 0.9088 
Visited an emergency room 41 4.4 32 1.3 0.0498* 
Diabetes (n = 176, N = 969, 599)
No diabetes (n = 1,873, N = 11,141,509)
P value
%SE%SE
Race/ethnicity     0.0414* 
 White 68 4.0 78 1.2  
 Black 13 2.5 11 0.9  
 Hispanic/other 20 3.3 12 0.9  
Age (years)     <0.0001 
 18–34 10 3.2 37 1.4  
 35–49 32 4.3 38 1.3  
 60–64 38 4.3 19 1.1  
 ≥65 20 3.3 0.7  
Women 63 4.4 67 1.3 0.3783 
<High school education 28 3.6 19 1.0 0.0087* 
Poverty ratio (% of federal poverty level)     0.0037 
 <124% 35 4.5 24 1.2  
 124–199% 18 3.4 15 1.2  
 200–399% 31 4.8 32 1.5  
 ≥400% 16 3.5 29 1.4  
Employed 42 4.3 72 1.2 <0.0001 
Married 52 4.5 42 1.6 0.0636 
Health status     0.0009 
 Better 22 3.8 26 1.2  
 Worse 41 4.5 22 1.0  
 Same 38 4.4 52 1.4  
Obesity status (kg/m2    0.0001 
 BMI <18.5 47 4.7 26 1.3  
 BMI 18.5–24.9 29 4.1 31 1.2  
 BMI 25.0–29.9 22 4.2 40 1.4  
 BMI ≥30.0 1.0 0.4  
Smoker 32 4.4 41 1.4 0.046* 
Major complications — Yes 51 4.6 19 1.0 <0.0001 
Visited a primary care physician 88 2.9 71 1.2 <0.0001 
Visited a psychiatrist or mental health professional 29 4.2 29 1.2 0.9088 
Visited an emergency room 41 4.4 32 1.3 0.0498* 

Data are % (percentage of weighted sample) and SE. n = unweighted sample size; N = weighted sample.

*

P < 0.05;

P < 0.005.

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