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Table 3—

Prevalence of major depressive disorder by individual characteristics in adults with diabetes

%SEP value
Race/ethnicity   0.1418 
 White 9.2 1.0  
 Black 7.2 1.4  
 Hispanic/other 11.8 2.0  
Age (years)   <0.0001 
 18–34 14.2 4.3  
 35–49 16.9 2.5  
 50–64 10.0 1.4  
 ≥65 4.5 0.8  
Sex   0.009* 
 Women 11.2 1.2  
 Men 7.2 1.1  
Education   0.7139 
 <High School 8.9 1.3  
 ≥High School 9.5 1.0  
Poverty ratio (% of federal poverty level)   0.0003 
 <124% 18.3 2.4  
 124–199% 11.6 2.4  
 200–399% 9.6 1.7  
 ≥400% 6.0 1.4  
Employment   0.6803 
 Employed 9.1 1.3  
 Not employed 9.7 1.0  
Marital status   0.0205* 
 Married 7.8 1.0  
 Not married 11.6 1.3  
Health status   <0.0001 
 Better 9.8 1.8  
 Worse 21.9 2.8  
 Same 5.7 0.8  
Obesity status (kg/m2  0.3821 
 BMI <18.5 10.4 1.3  
 BMI 18.5–24.9 7.8 1.2  
 BMI 25.0–29.9 9.4 2.0  
 BMI ≥30.0 18.8 8.8  
Smoking status   0.0007 
 Smoker 18.0 2.8  
 Nonsmoker 7.7 0.8  
Years since diagnosis   0.0443* 
 <5 12.5 1.8  
 5–9 6.4 1.5  
 ≥10 9.2 1.2  
Medication use   0.3645 
 Diet alone 11.1 2.1  
 Insulin or oral agents 9.0 0.9  
Major complications   0.0165* 
 Yes 11.8 1.4  
 No 7.6 1.0  
%SEP value
Race/ethnicity   0.1418 
 White 9.2 1.0  
 Black 7.2 1.4  
 Hispanic/other 11.8 2.0  
Age (years)   <0.0001 
 18–34 14.2 4.3  
 35–49 16.9 2.5  
 50–64 10.0 1.4  
 ≥65 4.5 0.8  
Sex   0.009* 
 Women 11.2 1.2  
 Men 7.2 1.1  
Education   0.7139 
 <High School 8.9 1.3  
 ≥High School 9.5 1.0  
Poverty ratio (% of federal poverty level)   0.0003 
 <124% 18.3 2.4  
 124–199% 11.6 2.4  
 200–399% 9.6 1.7  
 ≥400% 6.0 1.4  
Employment   0.6803 
 Employed 9.1 1.3  
 Not employed 9.7 1.0  
Marital status   0.0205* 
 Married 7.8 1.0  
 Not married 11.6 1.3  
Health status   <0.0001 
 Better 9.8 1.8  
 Worse 21.9 2.8  
 Same 5.7 0.8  
Obesity status (kg/m2  0.3821 
 BMI <18.5 10.4 1.3  
 BMI 18.5–24.9 7.8 1.2  
 BMI 25.0–29.9 9.4 2.0  
 BMI ≥30.0 18.8 8.8  
Smoking status   0.0007 
 Smoker 18.0 2.8  
 Nonsmoker 7.7 0.8  
Years since diagnosis   0.0443* 
 <5 12.5 1.8  
 5–9 6.4 1.5  
 ≥10 9.2 1.2  
Medication use   0.3645 
 Diet alone 11.1 2.1  
 Insulin or oral agents 9.0 0.9  
Major complications   0.0165* 
 Yes 11.8 1.4  
 No 7.6 1.0  

Data are % (percentage of weighted sample) and SE. n = unweighted sample size; N = weighted sample.

*

P < 0.05;

P < 0.005.

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