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Table 1—

Maternal characteristics, glycemic values, and rate of LGA newborns in pregnancies with a fetal AC < or ≥90th percentile

AC <90th percentileAC ≥90th percentileP
n 300 68  
Maternal history    
 Age (years) 30.2 ± 5.4 31.5 ± 5.4 0.08 
 Parity 1.9 ± 1.2 2.4 ± 2.0 0.013 
 Prepregnancy weight (kg) 71.5 ± 15.9 80.4 ± 20.0 0.0001 
 Prepregnancy BMI (kg/m226.8 ± 5.9 29.8 ± 5.1 0.03 
 Prepregnancy BMI >30 kg/m2 (%) 25.7 44.1 0.002 
 Prior GDM (%) 10.0 11.8 0.6 
 Prior LGA (%) 8.0 25.0 <0.0001 
Maternal glycemic values    
 GA at diagnosis 27.1 ± 5.5 27.1 ± 5.8 0.6 
 OGTT    
  fasting (mg/dl) 93.4 ± 23.7 98.3 ± 39.8 0.2 
  1-h (mg/dl) 198.7 ± 38.6 202.2 ± 38.0 0.5 
  2-h (mg/dl) 151.5 ± 41.5 150.0 ± 40.1 0.8 
 GDM (%) 74.8 75.4 0.7 
 IGT (%) 25.2 24.6 0.8 
Study entry    
 Gestational age at entry 28.8 ± 5.3 26.8 ± 5.9 0.6 
 Mean capillary glucose of the profile (mg/dl) 86.1 88.2 ± 12.5 0.3 
 HbA1c (%) 6.1 ± 1.3 6.3 ± 1.1 0.3 
Weight gain (kg) 11.5 ± 6.5 12.1 ± 5.2 0.4 
Insulin use (%) 7.0 10.3 0.5 
Neonatal parameter    
 LGA (%) 12.6 43.1 <0.0001 
AC <90th percentileAC ≥90th percentileP
n 300 68  
Maternal history    
 Age (years) 30.2 ± 5.4 31.5 ± 5.4 0.08 
 Parity 1.9 ± 1.2 2.4 ± 2.0 0.013 
 Prepregnancy weight (kg) 71.5 ± 15.9 80.4 ± 20.0 0.0001 
 Prepregnancy BMI (kg/m226.8 ± 5.9 29.8 ± 5.1 0.03 
 Prepregnancy BMI >30 kg/m2 (%) 25.7 44.1 0.002 
 Prior GDM (%) 10.0 11.8 0.6 
 Prior LGA (%) 8.0 25.0 <0.0001 
Maternal glycemic values    
 GA at diagnosis 27.1 ± 5.5 27.1 ± 5.8 0.6 
 OGTT    
  fasting (mg/dl) 93.4 ± 23.7 98.3 ± 39.8 0.2 
  1-h (mg/dl) 198.7 ± 38.6 202.2 ± 38.0 0.5 
  2-h (mg/dl) 151.5 ± 41.5 150.0 ± 40.1 0.8 
 GDM (%) 74.8 75.4 0.7 
 IGT (%) 25.2 24.6 0.8 
Study entry    
 Gestational age at entry 28.8 ± 5.3 26.8 ± 5.9 0.6 
 Mean capillary glucose of the profile (mg/dl) 86.1 88.2 ± 12.5 0.3 
 HbA1c (%) 6.1 ± 1.3 6.3 ± 1.1 0.3 
Weight gain (kg) 11.5 ± 6.5 12.1 ± 5.2 0.4 
Insulin use (%) 7.0 10.3 0.5 
Neonatal parameter    
 LGA (%) 12.6 43.1 <0.0001 

Continuous variables are means ± SD.

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