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Table 1—

Demographic and anthropometric characteristics of the subjects with type 2 diabetes and NFG

Boys
Girls
T2DNFGT2DNFG
n 198 213 231 336 
Age (years) 13.5 ± 2.4 13.5 ± 2.8 13.3 ± 2.5 13.1 ± 2.6 
Birth weight (g) 3,374 ± 655 3,348 ± 473 3,404 ± 641 3,252 ± 437* 
Gestation weeks 39.7 ± 1.4 39.7 ± 1.2 39.7 ± 1.6 39.9 ± 0.9 
SBP (mmHg) 119 ± 18 112 ± 14* 117 ± 17 106 ± 12* 
DBP (mmHg) 73 ± 12 69 ± 10* 74 ± 12 67 ± 9* 
BMI (kg/m224.5 ± 7.4 19.3 ± 3.2* 24.9 ± 6.7 18.8 ± 3.3* 
Obesity (%) 42.2 6.6* 49.3 3.6* 
Positive family history of diabetes 58.2 36.3* 64.2 35.6* 
Maternal age (years) 26.1 ± 4.2 26.1 ± 3.9 25.9 ± 5.0 25.6 ± 4.0 
Paternal age (years) 29.9 ± 5.6 29.0 ± 5.1 29.5 ± 5.6 28.9 ± 4.7 
Maternal BMI (kg/m223.9 ± 3.6 23.2 ± 3.0* 24.7 ± 4.0 23.0 ± 3.3* 
Paternal BMI (kg/m224.4 ± 3.1 24.1 ± 3.8 25.0 ± 3.8 24.3 ± 3.2* 
SES     
 Low 88 (38.8) 72 (30.9) 102 (39.1) 113 (30.8) 
 Middle 109 (48.0) 124 (53.2) 132 (50.6) 203 (55.3) 
 High 30 (13.2) 37 (15.9) 27 (10.3) 51 (13.9) 
Boys
Girls
T2DNFGT2DNFG
n 198 213 231 336 
Age (years) 13.5 ± 2.4 13.5 ± 2.8 13.3 ± 2.5 13.1 ± 2.6 
Birth weight (g) 3,374 ± 655 3,348 ± 473 3,404 ± 641 3,252 ± 437* 
Gestation weeks 39.7 ± 1.4 39.7 ± 1.2 39.7 ± 1.6 39.9 ± 0.9 
SBP (mmHg) 119 ± 18 112 ± 14* 117 ± 17 106 ± 12* 
DBP (mmHg) 73 ± 12 69 ± 10* 74 ± 12 67 ± 9* 
BMI (kg/m224.5 ± 7.4 19.3 ± 3.2* 24.9 ± 6.7 18.8 ± 3.3* 
Obesity (%) 42.2 6.6* 49.3 3.6* 
Positive family history of diabetes 58.2 36.3* 64.2 35.6* 
Maternal age (years) 26.1 ± 4.2 26.1 ± 3.9 25.9 ± 5.0 25.6 ± 4.0 
Paternal age (years) 29.9 ± 5.6 29.0 ± 5.1 29.5 ± 5.6 28.9 ± 4.7 
Maternal BMI (kg/m223.9 ± 3.6 23.2 ± 3.0* 24.7 ± 4.0 23.0 ± 3.3* 
Paternal BMI (kg/m224.4 ± 3.1 24.1 ± 3.8 25.0 ± 3.8 24.3 ± 3.2* 
SES     
 Low 88 (38.8) 72 (30.9) 102 (39.1) 113 (30.8) 
 Middle 109 (48.0) 124 (53.2) 132 (50.6) 203 (55.3) 
 High 30 (13.2) 37 (15.9) 27 (10.3) 51 (13.9) 

Data are means ± SD or n (%) unless otherwise indicated.

*

P value <0.05 (T2D versus NFG). T2D, type 2 diabetes.

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