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Table 3—

Clinical characteristics of type 2 diabetes in schoolchildren by birth weight categories

VariableBirth weight (g) category
<2,5002,500–2,9993,000–3,4993,500–3,999≥4,000
n (male/female) 11/12 33/38 77/76 47/68 30/37 
Gestation weeks 36.8 ± 3.7 39.6 ± 1.4 39.9 ± 1.0 39.9 ± 0.7 39.8 ± 1.1* 
BMI (kg/m223.9 ± 5.8 23.6 ± 7.1 24.8 ± 7.8 24.9 ± 6.7 25.6 ± 5.9* 
SBP (mmHg) 113 ± 14 118 ± 19 119 ± 19 118 ± 18 119 ± 15 
DBP (mmHg) 70 ± 12 72 ± 12 73 ± 12 76 ± 11 75 ± 12 
Obesity rates (%) 38.1 35.9 51.4 43.1 51.6 
Family history of diabetes (%) 59.1 58.8 51.0 65.4 84.8 
VariableBirth weight (g) category
<2,5002,500–2,9993,000–3,4993,500–3,999≥4,000
n (male/female) 11/12 33/38 77/76 47/68 30/37 
Gestation weeks 36.8 ± 3.7 39.6 ± 1.4 39.9 ± 1.0 39.9 ± 0.7 39.8 ± 1.1* 
BMI (kg/m223.9 ± 5.8 23.6 ± 7.1 24.8 ± 7.8 24.9 ± 6.7 25.6 ± 5.9* 
SBP (mmHg) 113 ± 14 118 ± 19 119 ± 19 118 ± 18 119 ± 15 
DBP (mmHg) 70 ± 12 72 ± 12 73 ± 12 76 ± 11 75 ± 12 
Obesity rates (%) 38.1 35.9 51.4 43.1 51.6 
Family history of diabetes (%) 59.1 58.8 51.0 65.4 84.8 

Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated.

*

P < 0.05 for trend derived by linear regression adjusted with age and sex by birth weight categories;

P < 0.05 for trend derived by linear regression adjusted with age, sex, and height by birth weight categories;

P value ≤0.05 between low and high birth weight was derived by linear regression adjusted for age and sex.

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