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Table 1—

Clinical, biochemical characteristics, and results of brachial artery studies in both control subjects and patients with IFG before and 6 months after exercise training

IFG before interventionIFG after interventionControl subjects
n 30 22 30 
Age (years) 63.0±12 63.6±10 65±11 
BMI (kg/m225.65±1.25 25.07±0.94 25.23±1.12 
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl) 123.7±1.14* 102.3±1.26 92.67±1.31 
HbA1c (%) 5.74±0.16 5.68±0.14 5.51±0.25 
Fasting serum insulin (mU/l) 8.83±1.25 7.92±1.64 7.42±1.59 
Mean arterial pressure (mmHg) 104±6 101±8 106±5 
Family history (positive/negative) 10/20* 8/14* 2/28 
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.44±0.31 5.25±0.33 5.12±0.26 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.33±0.21* 2.74±0.26 2.46±0.20 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.21±0.14* 1.52±0.16 1.62±0.14 
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.78±0.80 1.53±0.61 1.42±0.64 
Apolipoprotein A1 (g/l) 1.20±0.21 1.22±0.22 1.35±0.31 
Apolipoprotein B (g/l) 1.35±0.17 1.28±0.19 1.13±0.14 
Lipoprotein (a) (mg/l) 164±62 157±60 147±56 
C-reactive protein (mg/l) 0.26±0.14* 0.17±0.15 0.15±0.13 
Vo2max (ml · kg−1 · min−127.4±2.3 32.8±2.5 29.3±2.1 
Baseline vessel (mm) 3.76±0.61 3.73±0.52 3.75±0.46 
Baseline flow (ml/min) 84.55±34.71 85.12±32.85 83.79±40.13 
Flow-mediated dilation (%) 3.96±0.27 4.86±0.24 4.72±0.20 
GNT-induced dilation (%) 20.34±1.72 21.38±1.36 21.85±1.18 
IFG before interventionIFG after interventionControl subjects
n 30 22 30 
Age (years) 63.0±12 63.6±10 65±11 
BMI (kg/m225.65±1.25 25.07±0.94 25.23±1.12 
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl) 123.7±1.14* 102.3±1.26 92.67±1.31 
HbA1c (%) 5.74±0.16 5.68±0.14 5.51±0.25 
Fasting serum insulin (mU/l) 8.83±1.25 7.92±1.64 7.42±1.59 
Mean arterial pressure (mmHg) 104±6 101±8 106±5 
Family history (positive/negative) 10/20* 8/14* 2/28 
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.44±0.31 5.25±0.33 5.12±0.26 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.33±0.21* 2.74±0.26 2.46±0.20 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.21±0.14* 1.52±0.16 1.62±0.14 
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.78±0.80 1.53±0.61 1.42±0.64 
Apolipoprotein A1 (g/l) 1.20±0.21 1.22±0.22 1.35±0.31 
Apolipoprotein B (g/l) 1.35±0.17 1.28±0.19 1.13±0.14 
Lipoprotein (a) (mg/l) 164±62 157±60 147±56 
C-reactive protein (mg/l) 0.26±0.14* 0.17±0.15 0.15±0.13 
Vo2max (ml · kg−1 · min−127.4±2.3 32.8±2.5 29.3±2.1 
Baseline vessel (mm) 3.76±0.61 3.73±0.52 3.75±0.46 
Baseline flow (ml/min) 84.55±34.71 85.12±32.85 83.79±40.13 
Flow-mediated dilation (%) 3.96±0.27 4.86±0.24 4.72±0.20 
GNT-induced dilation (%) 20.34±1.72 21.38±1.36 21.85±1.18 

Data are means ± SD.

*

P < 0.05 compared with control group;

P < 0.05 compared with IFG before exercise training. GNT, glyceryltrinitrate.

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