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Table 1—

Sample characteristics at baseline

Control group (n = 48)Intervention group (n = 60)
Sex   
 Male 27 (56.2) 36 (60) 
 Female 21 (43.8) 24 (40) 
Race   
 Caucasian 42 (87.5) 51 (85) 
 African-American 5 (10.4) 9 (15) 
 Asian 1 (2.1) 
Age (years) 58.33 ± 11.33 56.53 ± 10.15 
BMI (kg/m230.40 ± 7.74 29.49 ± 5.85 
HbAlc (%) 7.54 ± 1.34 8.14 ± 2.11* 
STAI-trait 43.73 ± 12.59 42.55 ± 9.98 
STAI-state 33.98 ± 8.99 36.58 ± 11.47 
GHQ 51.25 ± 10.07 52.58 ± 9.49 
PSS 23.98 ± 9.67 24.67 ± 8.35 
DASI 40.67 ± 16.29 39.23 ± 14.72 
Daily caloric intake 1,872.96 ± 487.23 2,172.95 ± 669.90* 
Control group (n = 48)Intervention group (n = 60)
Sex   
 Male 27 (56.2) 36 (60) 
 Female 21 (43.8) 24 (40) 
Race   
 Caucasian 42 (87.5) 51 (85) 
 African-American 5 (10.4) 9 (15) 
 Asian 1 (2.1) 
Age (years) 58.33 ± 11.33 56.53 ± 10.15 
BMI (kg/m230.40 ± 7.74 29.49 ± 5.85 
HbAlc (%) 7.54 ± 1.34 8.14 ± 2.11* 
STAI-trait 43.73 ± 12.59 42.55 ± 9.98 
STAI-state 33.98 ± 8.99 36.58 ± 11.47 
GHQ 51.25 ± 10.07 52.58 ± 9.49 
PSS 23.98 ± 9.67 24.67 ± 8.35 
DASI 40.67 ± 16.29 39.23 ± 14.72 
Daily caloric intake 1,872.96 ± 487.23 2,172.95 ± 669.90* 

Data are n (%) or means ± SD.

*

P < 0.05

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