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Table 1—

Mortality of the population with type 2 diabetes compared with the population of Teesside without diabetes, 1994–1999

Cause (ICD-9 codes)Age (years)Baseline no. of subjectsPerson-years of follow-upDeaths (n)Death rate per 1,000 person-years (95% CI)Nondiabetic death rateRelative rate* (95% CI)
All causes        
 Male subjects        
 40–59 749 3,297 73 22.14 (18.09–26.20) 5.27 2.56 (1.73–3.80) 
 60–79 1,297 7,196 411 57.12 (54.23–60.00) 39.27 1.96 (1.74–2.21) 
 80+ 131 919 143 155.56 (143.67–167.45) 148.17 1.25 (1.09–1.43) 
 Female subjects        
 40–59 464 2,163 24 11.09 (7.12–15.06) 3.30 3.15 (2.51–3.95) 
 60–79 1,037 5,401 279 51.66 (48.23–55.08) 24.50 1.41 (1.28–1.56) 
 80+ 250 1,620 218 134.55 (127.70–141.41) 111.20 1.09 (0.92–1.29) 
Cardiovascular causes (390–459)        
 Male subjects        
 40–59 749 3,297 48 14.56 (11.00–18.12) 2.05 5.47 (4.18–7.15) 
 60–79 1,297 7,196 248 34.46 (31.47–37.46) 17.01 1.96 (1.72–2.23) 
 80+ 131 919 74 80.50 (74.47–86.53) 60.17 1.39 (1.10–1.76) 
 Female subjects        
 40–59 464 2163 14 6.47 (3.29–9.65) 0.83 5.60 (3.44–9.14) 
 60–79 1,037 5,401 185 34.25 (30.80–37.71) 9.71 3.24 (2.81–3.74) 
 80+ 250 1,620 118 72.83 (67.62–78.04) 51.06 1.47 (1.22–1.77) 
Ischemic heart disease (410–414)        
 Male subjects        
 40–59 749 3,297 38 11.53 (8.26–14.79) 1.59 5.50 (4.07–7.43) 
 60–79 1,297 7,196 185 25.71 (22.86–28.56) 11.43 2.18 (1.88–2.53) 
 80+ 131 919 50 54.39 (46.20–62.59) 34.21 1.64 (1.23–2.19) 
 Female subjects        
 40–59 464 2,163 12 5.55 (2.58–8.52) 0.41 9.28 (5.60–15.38) 
 60–79 1,037 5,401 123 22.77 (19.58–25.97) 5.79 3.62 (3.04–4.32) 
 80+ 250 1,620 65 40.12 (33.74–46.49) 24.84 1.65 (1.29–2.12) 
Cerebrovascular disease (430–438)        
 Male subjects        
 40–59 749 3,297 2.43 (0.79–4.07) 0.27 7.15 (3.74–13.69) 
 60–79 1,297 7,196 45 6.25 (4.54–7.97) 3.05 1.98 (1.46–2.68) 
 80+ 131 919 14 15.23 (8.39–22.07) 15.15 1.05 (0.61–1.80) 
 Female subjects        
 40–59 464 2,163 0.26 — 
 60–79 1,037 5,401 44 8.15 (5.93–10.36) 2.31 3.22 (2.39–4.33) 
 80+ 250 1,620 36 22.22 (16.43–28.01) 17.65 1.31 (0.93–1.83) 
Cause (ICD-9 codes)Age (years)Baseline no. of subjectsPerson-years of follow-upDeaths (n)Death rate per 1,000 person-years (95% CI)Nondiabetic death rateRelative rate* (95% CI)
All causes        
 Male subjects        
 40–59 749 3,297 73 22.14 (18.09–26.20) 5.27 2.56 (1.73–3.80) 
 60–79 1,297 7,196 411 57.12 (54.23–60.00) 39.27 1.96 (1.74–2.21) 
 80+ 131 919 143 155.56 (143.67–167.45) 148.17 1.25 (1.09–1.43) 
 Female subjects        
 40–59 464 2,163 24 11.09 (7.12–15.06) 3.30 3.15 (2.51–3.95) 
 60–79 1,037 5,401 279 51.66 (48.23–55.08) 24.50 1.41 (1.28–1.56) 
 80+ 250 1,620 218 134.55 (127.70–141.41) 111.20 1.09 (0.92–1.29) 
Cardiovascular causes (390–459)        
 Male subjects        
 40–59 749 3,297 48 14.56 (11.00–18.12) 2.05 5.47 (4.18–7.15) 
 60–79 1,297 7,196 248 34.46 (31.47–37.46) 17.01 1.96 (1.72–2.23) 
 80+ 131 919 74 80.50 (74.47–86.53) 60.17 1.39 (1.10–1.76) 
 Female subjects        
 40–59 464 2163 14 6.47 (3.29–9.65) 0.83 5.60 (3.44–9.14) 
 60–79 1,037 5,401 185 34.25 (30.80–37.71) 9.71 3.24 (2.81–3.74) 
 80+ 250 1,620 118 72.83 (67.62–78.04) 51.06 1.47 (1.22–1.77) 
Ischemic heart disease (410–414)        
 Male subjects        
 40–59 749 3,297 38 11.53 (8.26–14.79) 1.59 5.50 (4.07–7.43) 
 60–79 1,297 7,196 185 25.71 (22.86–28.56) 11.43 2.18 (1.88–2.53) 
 80+ 131 919 50 54.39 (46.20–62.59) 34.21 1.64 (1.23–2.19) 
 Female subjects        
 40–59 464 2,163 12 5.55 (2.58–8.52) 0.41 9.28 (5.60–15.38) 
 60–79 1,037 5,401 123 22.77 (19.58–25.97) 5.79 3.62 (3.04–4.32) 
 80+ 250 1,620 65 40.12 (33.74–46.49) 24.84 1.65 (1.29–2.12) 
Cerebrovascular disease (430–438)        
 Male subjects        
 40–59 749 3,297 2.43 (0.79–4.07) 0.27 7.15 (3.74–13.69) 
 60–79 1,297 7,196 45 6.25 (4.54–7.97) 3.05 1.98 (1.46–2.68) 
 80+ 131 919 14 15.23 (8.39–22.07) 15.15 1.05 (0.61–1.80) 
 Female subjects        
 40–59 464 2,163 0.26 — 
 60–79 1,037 5,401 44 8.15 (5.93–10.36) 2.31 3.22 (2.39–4.33) 
 80+ 250 1,620 36 22.22 (16.43–28.01) 17.65 1.31 (0.93–1.83) 

Relative death rates are shown only where ≥3 deaths occurred.

*

Local people with diabetes relative to the local nondiabetic population.

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