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TABLE 2

Laboratory values at admission and resolution of patients in hyperglycemic crisis

Lean DKA
Obese DKA
Obese hyperglycemia
Lean controlObese control
AdmissionResolutionAdmissionResolutionAdmissionResolution
Blood glucose (mg/dl) 766 ± 72 176 ± 10* 743 ± 60 184 ± 16* 690 ± 66 186 ± 22* 92 ± 1.5* 93 ± 1.7* 
Serum HCO3 (mEq/l) 6.0 ± .8 20.9 ± .6* 8.3 ± .6 20.5 ± .6* 25 ± .7* 25.6 ± 1.1* 26 ± 1.0* 26 ± 1.5* 
Venous pH 7.09 ± .03 7.35 ± .01 7.17 ± .02 7.33 ± .01* 7.34 ± .04 7.43 ± .01 — — 
Osmolality (mOsm/kg) 310 ± 4.3 293 ± 3.1* 317 ± 5.0 294 ± 4.0* 311 ± 9.8 289 ± 5.0* 285 ± 6.0* 286 ± 5.0* 
β-Hydroxybutyrate (mmol/l) 10.6 ± .7 0.8 ± .2* 8.7 ± .6 1.2 ± .2* 0.5 ± .04* 0.3 ± .03* 0.1 ± .02* 0.1 ± .03* 
Cortisol (μg/dl) 46.2 ± 2.3 21.7 ± 1.1* 55.4 ± 5.8 24.6 ± 3.6* 23 ± .9* 17.2 ± 1.4* 14 ± 1.2* 13 ± 1.1* 
GH (ng/ml) 12.3 ± 2.2 3.2 ± 1.0* 10.0 ± 3.1 4.0 ± 1.2* 1.6 ± .3* 0.9 ± .2* 0.8 ± .2* 0.8 ± .2* 
C-peptide (ng/ml) 0.8 ± .1 0.7 ± .1 1.5 ± .2* 0.8 ± .1 2.5 ± .3* 1.3 ± .4 0.9 ± .2 1.2 ± .3 
Lean DKA
Obese DKA
Obese hyperglycemia
Lean controlObese control
AdmissionResolutionAdmissionResolutionAdmissionResolution
Blood glucose (mg/dl) 766 ± 72 176 ± 10* 743 ± 60 184 ± 16* 690 ± 66 186 ± 22* 92 ± 1.5* 93 ± 1.7* 
Serum HCO3 (mEq/l) 6.0 ± .8 20.9 ± .6* 8.3 ± .6 20.5 ± .6* 25 ± .7* 25.6 ± 1.1* 26 ± 1.0* 26 ± 1.5* 
Venous pH 7.09 ± .03 7.35 ± .01 7.17 ± .02 7.33 ± .01* 7.34 ± .04 7.43 ± .01 — — 
Osmolality (mOsm/kg) 310 ± 4.3 293 ± 3.1* 317 ± 5.0 294 ± 4.0* 311 ± 9.8 289 ± 5.0* 285 ± 6.0* 286 ± 5.0* 
β-Hydroxybutyrate (mmol/l) 10.6 ± .7 0.8 ± .2* 8.7 ± .6 1.2 ± .2* 0.5 ± .04* 0.3 ± .03* 0.1 ± .02* 0.1 ± .03* 
Cortisol (μg/dl) 46.2 ± 2.3 21.7 ± 1.1* 55.4 ± 5.8 24.6 ± 3.6* 23 ± .9* 17.2 ± 1.4* 14 ± 1.2* 13 ± 1.1* 
GH (ng/ml) 12.3 ± 2.2 3.2 ± 1.0* 10.0 ± 3.1 4.0 ± 1.2* 1.6 ± .3* 0.9 ± .2* 0.8 ± .2* 0.8 ± .2* 
C-peptide (ng/ml) 0.8 ± .1 0.7 ± .1 1.5 ± .2* 0.8 ± .1 2.5 ± .3* 1.3 ± .4 0.9 ± .2 1.2 ± .3 

Data are means ± SE.

*

P < 0.01 vs. lean DKA on admission.

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