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Table 1—

Characteristics of the whole population

Specialist care patientsPrimary care patientsP value
n 591 1,911  
Male 52.6% 48.3% 0.07 
Age (years) 73.1 ± 5.6 74.3 ± 6.2 <0.0001 
Diabetes duration >5 years 75.3% 69.7% 0.009 
A1c (%) 9.3 ± 1.3 9.1 ± 1.3 0.001 
Rural residence 5.4% 18.0% <0.0001 
Long-term care resident 1.0% 3.7% 0.001 
Low income (see text for definitions) 24.0% 35.2% <0.0001 
Any hospitalization in previous year 14.0% 10.7% 0.02 
Hypo- or hyperglycemia hospitalization in previous year 0.2% 0.1% 0.7 
Retinal photocoagulation in previous year 4.9% 2.5% 0.002 
Cardiovascular disease-related hospitalization in previous year 4.9% 4.2% 0.5 
Cardiovascular procedure in previous year 1.0% 1.0% 1.0 
Use of nitrates in previous year 23.5% 17.9% 0.002 
Use of oral corticosteroid in previous year 5.8% 4.0% 0.08 
Use of thyroid drugs in previous year 13.5% 13.7% 0.9 
Number of drugs prescribed in previous year 10.8 ± 6.1 9.9 ± 5.9 0.002 
Number of capillary test strips received in previous year 216 ± 270 126 ± 198 <0.0001 
Number of emergency department visits in previous year 0.6 ± 1.3 0.4 ± 1.0 0.0009 
Number of visits to any physician in previous year 15.9 ± 10.1 13.2 ± 9.8 <0.0001 
Specialist care patientsPrimary care patientsP value
n 591 1,911  
Male 52.6% 48.3% 0.07 
Age (years) 73.1 ± 5.6 74.3 ± 6.2 <0.0001 
Diabetes duration >5 years 75.3% 69.7% 0.009 
A1c (%) 9.3 ± 1.3 9.1 ± 1.3 0.001 
Rural residence 5.4% 18.0% <0.0001 
Long-term care resident 1.0% 3.7% 0.001 
Low income (see text for definitions) 24.0% 35.2% <0.0001 
Any hospitalization in previous year 14.0% 10.7% 0.02 
Hypo- or hyperglycemia hospitalization in previous year 0.2% 0.1% 0.7 
Retinal photocoagulation in previous year 4.9% 2.5% 0.002 
Cardiovascular disease-related hospitalization in previous year 4.9% 4.2% 0.5 
Cardiovascular procedure in previous year 1.0% 1.0% 1.0 
Use of nitrates in previous year 23.5% 17.9% 0.002 
Use of oral corticosteroid in previous year 5.8% 4.0% 0.08 
Use of thyroid drugs in previous year 13.5% 13.7% 0.9 
Number of drugs prescribed in previous year 10.8 ± 6.1 9.9 ± 5.9 0.002 
Number of capillary test strips received in previous year 216 ± 270 126 ± 198 <0.0001 
Number of emergency department visits in previous year 0.6 ± 1.3 0.4 ± 1.0 0.0009 
Number of visits to any physician in previous year 15.9 ± 10.1 13.2 ± 9.8 <0.0001 

Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated.

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