Skip to Main Content
Table 2—

Characteristics of matched cohorts

Specialist care patientsPrimary care patientsP value
n 585 585  
Male 52.8% 52.5% 0.9 
Age (years) 73.1 ± 5.6 73.1 ± 5.8 0.9 
Diabetes duration >5 years 75.2% 76.4% 0.6 
A1c (%) 9.3 ± 1.3 9.3 ± 1.4 0.5 
Rural residence 5.5% 5.6% 0.9 
Long-term care resident 1.0% 1.2% 0.7 
Low income (see text for definitions) 23.6% 24.8% 0.6 
Any hospitalization in previous year 13.8% 15.4% 0.5 
Hypo- or hyperglycemia hospitalization in previous year 0.2% 0% 1.0 
Retinal photocoagulation in previous year 4.6% 4.4% 0.9 
Cardiovascular disease-related hospitalization in previous year 5.0% 6.0% 0.4 
Cardiovascular procedure in previous year 1.0% 1.7% 0.3 
Use of nitrates in previous year 23.4% 24.3% 0.7 
Use of oral corticosteroid in previous year 5.8% 6.0% 0.9 
Use of thyroid drugs in previous year 13.5% 14.0% 0.8 
Number of drugs prescribed in previous year 10.8 ± 6.1 11.1 ± 6.5 0.3 
Number of capillary test strips received in previous year 209 ± 253 210 ± 261 0.9 
Number of emergency department visits in previous year 0.6 ± 1.3 0.7 ± 1.3 0.6 
Number of visits to any physician in previous year 15.7 ± 9.7 15.8 ± 11.2 0.9 
Specialist care patientsPrimary care patientsP value
n 585 585  
Male 52.8% 52.5% 0.9 
Age (years) 73.1 ± 5.6 73.1 ± 5.8 0.9 
Diabetes duration >5 years 75.2% 76.4% 0.6 
A1c (%) 9.3 ± 1.3 9.3 ± 1.4 0.5 
Rural residence 5.5% 5.6% 0.9 
Long-term care resident 1.0% 1.2% 0.7 
Low income (see text for definitions) 23.6% 24.8% 0.6 
Any hospitalization in previous year 13.8% 15.4% 0.5 
Hypo- or hyperglycemia hospitalization in previous year 0.2% 0% 1.0 
Retinal photocoagulation in previous year 4.6% 4.4% 0.9 
Cardiovascular disease-related hospitalization in previous year 5.0% 6.0% 0.4 
Cardiovascular procedure in previous year 1.0% 1.7% 0.3 
Use of nitrates in previous year 23.4% 24.3% 0.7 
Use of oral corticosteroid in previous year 5.8% 6.0% 0.9 
Use of thyroid drugs in previous year 13.5% 14.0% 0.8 
Number of drugs prescribed in previous year 10.8 ± 6.1 11.1 ± 6.5 0.3 
Number of capillary test strips received in previous year 209 ± 253 210 ± 261 0.9 
Number of emergency department visits in previous year 0.6 ± 1.3 0.7 ± 1.3 0.6 
Number of visits to any physician in previous year 15.7 ± 9.7 15.8 ± 11.2 0.9 

Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal