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Table 1—

Baseline characteristics by disease condition

TotalNeither metabolic syndrome nor diabetesMetabolic syndromeDiabetes
Overall population (n3,873 2,704 704 465 
Prevalent cardiovascular disease (%) 361 (9.3) 141 (5.2) 96 (13.6) 124 (26.7) 
Baseline characteristics     
    Male (%) 49.0 50.4 42.3* 52.0* 
    Age (years) 44.1 40.8 51.1 58.2§ 
    Waist circumference (cm) 94.3 89.3 108.1 108.7 
    Total serum cholesterol (mg/dl) 201.5 197.8 212.7 209.9 
    HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 50.9 54.4 40.0 44.3 
    LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 124.5 123.6 129.0 122.0 
    Triglycerides (mg/dl) 134.0 104.6 213.8 220.4 
    Blood glucose (mg/dl) 100.1 92.6 100.3 174.6§ 
    Current smoker 26.0% 27.3% 23.5%* 19.9%* 
    Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 122.5 118.4 133.8 133.7 
    Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 72.4 71.3 77.4 71.2§ 
    CRP (mg/l) 4.11 3.36 5.97 6.77 
TotalNeither metabolic syndrome nor diabetesMetabolic syndromeDiabetes
Overall population (n3,873 2,704 704 465 
Prevalent cardiovascular disease (%) 361 (9.3) 141 (5.2) 96 (13.6) 124 (26.7) 
Baseline characteristics     
    Male (%) 49.0 50.4 42.3* 52.0* 
    Age (years) 44.1 40.8 51.1 58.2§ 
    Waist circumference (cm) 94.3 89.3 108.1 108.7 
    Total serum cholesterol (mg/dl) 201.5 197.8 212.7 209.9 
    HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 50.9 54.4 40.0 44.3 
    LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 124.5 123.6 129.0 122.0 
    Triglycerides (mg/dl) 134.0 104.6 213.8 220.4 
    Blood glucose (mg/dl) 100.1 92.6 100.3 174.6§ 
    Current smoker 26.0% 27.3% 23.5%* 19.9%* 
    Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 122.5 118.4 133.8 133.7 
    Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 72.4 71.3 77.4 71.2§ 
    CRP (mg/l) 4.11 3.36 5.97 6.77 
*

P < 0.05 compared with neither metabolic syndrome nor diabetes;

P < 0.01 comparing metabolic syndrome with diabetes;

P < 0.0001 compared with neither metabolic syndrome nor diabetes;

§

P < 0.0001 comparing metabolic syndrome with diabetes;

P < 0.05 comparing metabolic syndrome with diabetes.

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