Skip to Main Content
TABLE 1

Demographic and laboratory characteristics among U.S. population ≥50 years

No diabetes
Diabetes
P*Total
No metabolic syndromeMetabolic syndromeNo metabolic syndromeMetabolic syndrome
Percentage of population 54.2% 28.7% 2.3% 14.8%   
Factor       
 % Male 45.5 42.2 55.7 48.2 0.1218 45.2 
 Age (years) 63.4 ± 0.4 65.2 ± 0.6 68.5 ± 0.8 65.5 ± 0.6 <0.0001 64.3 ± 0.3 
 % Smoker 22.3 19.0 24.9 16.1 0.2757 20.5 
 LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 138.3 ± 1.4 143.9 ± 1.7 135.3 ± 3.5 138.8 ± 2.2 0.0322 139.9 ± 1.1 
 HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 56.5 ± 0.6 44.0 ± 0.7 58.8 ± 2.2 42.4 ± 1.1 <0.0001 50.9 ± 0.5 
 Triglycerides (mg/dl) 119.9 ± 2.5 211.9 ± 5.4 118.0 ± 6.3 231.5 ± 9.0 <0.0001 162.6 ± 3.3 
 Systolic BP mm/Hg 129.1 ± 0.8 140.3 ± 0.7 129.7 ± 3.0 139.7 ± 1.1 <0.0001 133.9 ± 0.6 
 Diastolic BP mm/Hg 73.9 ± 0.3 78.3 ± 0.6 72.3 ± 1.2 75.0 ± 0.6 <0.0001 75.3 ± 0.3 
 BMI 25.4 ± 0.2 29.6 ± 0.3 24.7 ± 0.8 30.9 ± 0.4 <0.0001 27.4 ± 0.2 
 Insulin sensitivity 7.4 ± 0.1 5.5 ± 0.1 6.7 ± 0.2 4.9 ± 0.1 <0.0001 6.5 ± 0.1 
 HOMA-IR 2.1 ± 0.1 3.6 ± 0.1 10.0 ± 3.0 11.5 ± 0.9 <0.0001 4.1 ± 0.2 
No diabetes
Diabetes
P*Total
No metabolic syndromeMetabolic syndromeNo metabolic syndromeMetabolic syndrome
Percentage of population 54.2% 28.7% 2.3% 14.8%   
Factor       
 % Male 45.5 42.2 55.7 48.2 0.1218 45.2 
 Age (years) 63.4 ± 0.4 65.2 ± 0.6 68.5 ± 0.8 65.5 ± 0.6 <0.0001 64.3 ± 0.3 
 % Smoker 22.3 19.0 24.9 16.1 0.2757 20.5 
 LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 138.3 ± 1.4 143.9 ± 1.7 135.3 ± 3.5 138.8 ± 2.2 0.0322 139.9 ± 1.1 
 HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 56.5 ± 0.6 44.0 ± 0.7 58.8 ± 2.2 42.4 ± 1.1 <0.0001 50.9 ± 0.5 
 Triglycerides (mg/dl) 119.9 ± 2.5 211.9 ± 5.4 118.0 ± 6.3 231.5 ± 9.0 <0.0001 162.6 ± 3.3 
 Systolic BP mm/Hg 129.1 ± 0.8 140.3 ± 0.7 129.7 ± 3.0 139.7 ± 1.1 <0.0001 133.9 ± 0.6 
 Diastolic BP mm/Hg 73.9 ± 0.3 78.3 ± 0.6 72.3 ± 1.2 75.0 ± 0.6 <0.0001 75.3 ± 0.3 
 BMI 25.4 ± 0.2 29.6 ± 0.3 24.7 ± 0.8 30.9 ± 0.4 <0.0001 27.4 ± 0.2 
 Insulin sensitivity 7.4 ± 0.1 5.5 ± 0.1 6.7 ± 0.2 4.9 ± 0.1 <0.0001 6.5 ± 0.1 
 HOMA-IR 2.1 ± 0.1 3.6 ± 0.1 10.0 ± 3.0 11.5 ± 0.9 <0.0001 4.1 ± 0.2 

Data are means ± SE unless otherwise indicated.

*

Statistical significance of differences across the groups (ANOVA). BP, blood pressure; HOMA-IR, homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal