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Table 1—

Mean daily intake of energy, selected nutrients, and groups of food and mean SD scores of growth measurements taken during the last 4-year period preceding diabetes diagnosis or interview in 7- to 14-year-old Swedish children

Mean ± SD
P
Case subjectsReferents
Energy and nutrients    
    n (male/female) 99 (50/49) 180 (86/94)  
    Energy (kcal) 2,751 ± 876 2,449 ± 706 0.002 
    Protein (g) 99 ± 34 88 ± 28 0.01 
    Fat (g) 101 ± 40 90 ± 33 0.01 
    Carbohydrate (g) 358 ± 116 320 ± 95 0.01 
    Monosaccharide (g) 43 ± 18 41 ± 17 0.40 
    Disaccharide (g) 135 ± 55 116 ± 43 0.004 
    Sucrose (g) 80 ± 40 67 ± 28 0.01 
Groups of food    
    Milk (g) 953 ± 502 838 ± 636 0.12 
    Bread (g) 149 ± 92 121 ± 85 0.01 
    Soft drinks (g) 307 ± 239 312 ± 237 0.84 
    Candy (g) 36 ± 40 25 ± 22 0.01 
    Nitrosamine rich (g) 27 ± 19 24 ± 16 0.12 
Body size    
    n (male/female) 75 (38/37) 144 (69/75)  
    Weight-for-age 0.54 ± 0.98 0.25 ± 0.99 0.04 
    Height-for-age 0.72 ± 0.90 0.50 ± 0.99 0.12 
    Weight-for-height* 0.22 ± 0.84 −0.10 ± 0.87 0.03 
Mean ± SD
P
Case subjectsReferents
Energy and nutrients    
    n (male/female) 99 (50/49) 180 (86/94)  
    Energy (kcal) 2,751 ± 876 2,449 ± 706 0.002 
    Protein (g) 99 ± 34 88 ± 28 0.01 
    Fat (g) 101 ± 40 90 ± 33 0.01 
    Carbohydrate (g) 358 ± 116 320 ± 95 0.01 
    Monosaccharide (g) 43 ± 18 41 ± 17 0.40 
    Disaccharide (g) 135 ± 55 116 ± 43 0.004 
    Sucrose (g) 80 ± 40 67 ± 28 0.01 
Groups of food    
    Milk (g) 953 ± 502 838 ± 636 0.12 
    Bread (g) 149 ± 92 121 ± 85 0.01 
    Soft drinks (g) 307 ± 239 312 ± 237 0.84 
    Candy (g) 36 ± 40 25 ± 22 0.01 
    Nitrosamine rich (g) 27 ± 19 24 ± 16 0.12 
Body size    
    n (male/female) 75 (38/37) 144 (69/75)  
    Weight-for-age 0.54 ± 0.98 0.25 ± 0.99 0.04 
    Height-for-age 0.72 ± 0.90 0.50 ± 0.99 0.12 
    Weight-for-height* 0.22 ± 0.84 −0.10 ± 0.87 0.03 
*

Case subjects n = 53, referents n = 122.

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