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Table 1—

Adjusted* effects of covariates on arterial diameter and wall thickness measures from regression modeling

Variables, incrementBrachial artery interadventitial diameter (mm)
Carotid artery
Interadventitial diameter (mm)
Lumen diameter (mm)
IMT (mm)
β (SE)Pβ (SE)Pβ (SE)Pβ (SE)P
Age, 5 years 0.03 (0.03) 0.185 0.08 (0.03) 0.002 0.04 (0.02) 0.078 0.02 (0.004) <0.001 
Male sex 0.50 (0.09) <0.001 0.29 (0.09) <0.001 0.29 (0.08) <0.001 −0.003 (0.01) 0.835 
African American 0.04 (0.07) 0.579 0.11 (0.07) 0.099 0.04 (0.07) 0.523 0.04 (0.01) <0.001 
Current smoker 0.13 (0.08) 0.125 0.09 (0.08) 0.264 0.11 (0.08) 0.166 −0.01 (0.01) 0.583 
SBP, 10 mmHg 0.002 (0.02) 0.931 0.004 (0.02) 0.864 −0.02 (0.02) 0.345 0.01 (0.004) 0.001 
DBP, 10 mmHg 0.01 (0.04) 0.784 0.06 (0.04) 0.125 0.03 (0.03) 0.320 0.01 (0.01) 0.033 
Cholesterol, 0.26 mmol/l (10 mg/dl) 0.01 (0.01) 0.370 −0.01 (0.01) 0.291 −0.01 (0.01) 0.150 0.001 (0.001) 0.361 
LDL, 0.26 mmol/l (10 mg/dl) 0.01 (0.01) 0.403 −0.004 (0.01) 0.712 −0.01 (0.01) 0.393 0.002 (0.002) 0.176 
HDL, 0.13 mmol/l (5 mg/dl) −0.03 (0.01) 0.041 −0.02 (0.01) 0.090 −0.02 (0.01) 0.049 0.001 (0.002) 0.704 
Triglycerides, 0.11 mmol/l (10 mg/dl) 0.01 (0.01) 0.017 −0.002 (0.005) 0.632 −0.001 (0.005) 0.907 −0.001 (0.001) 0.284 
Glucose, 0.56 mmol/l (10 mg/dl) 0.05 (0.05) 0.330 −0.001 (0.05) 0.987 −0.02 (0.05) 0.702 0.01 (0.01) 0.106 
Height, 1 cm 0.06 (0.01) <0.001 0.05 (0.01) <0.001 0.05 (0.01) <0.001 0.002 (0.002) 0.410 
Weight, 5 lb 0.01 (0.005) 0.003 0.01 (0.005) 0.011 0.01 (0.005) 0.010 0.001 (0.001) 0.502 
Waist circumference, 1 cm 0.01 (0.003) 0.011 0.01 (0.003) 0.001 0.01 (0.002) <0.001 0.0001 (0.0004) 0.889 
BMI, 1 kg/m2 0.02 (0.01) 0.007 0.02 (0.01) 0.012 0.02 (0.01) 0.009 0.0004 (0.001) 0.639 
Variables, incrementBrachial artery interadventitial diameter (mm)
Carotid artery
Interadventitial diameter (mm)
Lumen diameter (mm)
IMT (mm)
β (SE)Pβ (SE)Pβ (SE)Pβ (SE)P
Age, 5 years 0.03 (0.03) 0.185 0.08 (0.03) 0.002 0.04 (0.02) 0.078 0.02 (0.004) <0.001 
Male sex 0.50 (0.09) <0.001 0.29 (0.09) <0.001 0.29 (0.08) <0.001 −0.003 (0.01) 0.835 
African American 0.04 (0.07) 0.579 0.11 (0.07) 0.099 0.04 (0.07) 0.523 0.04 (0.01) <0.001 
Current smoker 0.13 (0.08) 0.125 0.09 (0.08) 0.264 0.11 (0.08) 0.166 −0.01 (0.01) 0.583 
SBP, 10 mmHg 0.002 (0.02) 0.931 0.004 (0.02) 0.864 −0.02 (0.02) 0.345 0.01 (0.004) 0.001 
DBP, 10 mmHg 0.01 (0.04) 0.784 0.06 (0.04) 0.125 0.03 (0.03) 0.320 0.01 (0.01) 0.033 
Cholesterol, 0.26 mmol/l (10 mg/dl) 0.01 (0.01) 0.370 −0.01 (0.01) 0.291 −0.01 (0.01) 0.150 0.001 (0.001) 0.361 
LDL, 0.26 mmol/l (10 mg/dl) 0.01 (0.01) 0.403 −0.004 (0.01) 0.712 −0.01 (0.01) 0.393 0.002 (0.002) 0.176 
HDL, 0.13 mmol/l (5 mg/dl) −0.03 (0.01) 0.041 −0.02 (0.01) 0.090 −0.02 (0.01) 0.049 0.001 (0.002) 0.704 
Triglycerides, 0.11 mmol/l (10 mg/dl) 0.01 (0.01) 0.017 −0.002 (0.005) 0.632 −0.001 (0.005) 0.907 −0.001 (0.001) 0.284 
Glucose, 0.56 mmol/l (10 mg/dl) 0.05 (0.05) 0.330 −0.001 (0.05) 0.987 −0.02 (0.05) 0.702 0.01 (0.01) 0.106 
Height, 1 cm 0.06 (0.01) <0.001 0.05 (0.01) <0.001 0.05 (0.01) <0.001 0.002 (0.002) 0.410 
Weight, 5 lb 0.01 (0.005) 0.003 0.01 (0.005) 0.011 0.01 (0.005) 0.010 0.001 (0.001) 0.502 
Waist circumference, 1 cm 0.01 (0.003) 0.011 0.01 (0.003) 0.001 0.01 (0.002) <0.001 0.0001 (0.0004) 0.889 
BMI, 1 kg/m2 0.02 (0.01) 0.007 0.02 (0.01) 0.012 0.02 (0.01) 0.009 0.0004 (0.001) 0.639 
*

Adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, supine SBP, and height, unless otherwise specified;

Values in parentheses are equivalent values in standard units.

Adjusted for the four remaining variables. DBP, diastolic blood pressure.

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