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Table 1—

Anthropometric and metabolic indicators in normal-weight versus overweight students

IndicatorNormal weight (BMI <25 kg/m2)Overweight (BMI ≥25 kg/m2)P
n 119 44  
Waist circumference (cm) 72.5 ± 0.5 88.1 ± 0.9 <0.001 
Hip circumference (cm) 98.0 ± 0.5 108.9 ± 0.8 <0.001 
Total body fat (kg) 30.7 ± 1.0 56.3 ± 1.7 <0.001 
Percent body fat (%) 21.9 ± 0.4 31.8 ± 0.7 <0.001 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 108.6 ± 0.7 112.2 ± 1.2 <0.02 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 67.6 ± 0.5 70.2 ± 0.8 <0.01 
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 4.97 ± 0.04 5.12 ± 0.07 <0.06 
2-h glucose (mmol/l) 5.16 ± 0.12 5.42 ± 0.21 NS 
Fasting insulin (pmol/l) 39.59 ± 2.78 69.45 ± 4.86 <0.001 
2-h insulin (pmol/l) 205.57 ± 10.42 257.66 ± 18.75 <0.02 
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 4.14 ± 0.08 4.49 ± 0.13 <0.05 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.47 ± 0.03 1.34 ± 0.05 <0.06 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 2.26 ± 0.07 2.61 ± 0.11 <0.01 
VLDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 0.41 ± 0.02 0.53 ± 0.03 <0.01 
Triacylglycerol (mmol/l) 0.91 ± 0.04 1.15 ± 0.07 <0.01 
Leptin (ng/ml) 12.8 ± 1.1 29.4 ± 1.9 <0.001 
IndicatorNormal weight (BMI <25 kg/m2)Overweight (BMI ≥25 kg/m2)P
n 119 44  
Waist circumference (cm) 72.5 ± 0.5 88.1 ± 0.9 <0.001 
Hip circumference (cm) 98.0 ± 0.5 108.9 ± 0.8 <0.001 
Total body fat (kg) 30.7 ± 1.0 56.3 ± 1.7 <0.001 
Percent body fat (%) 21.9 ± 0.4 31.8 ± 0.7 <0.001 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 108.6 ± 0.7 112.2 ± 1.2 <0.02 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 67.6 ± 0.5 70.2 ± 0.8 <0.01 
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 4.97 ± 0.04 5.12 ± 0.07 <0.06 
2-h glucose (mmol/l) 5.16 ± 0.12 5.42 ± 0.21 NS 
Fasting insulin (pmol/l) 39.59 ± 2.78 69.45 ± 4.86 <0.001 
2-h insulin (pmol/l) 205.57 ± 10.42 257.66 ± 18.75 <0.02 
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 4.14 ± 0.08 4.49 ± 0.13 <0.05 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.47 ± 0.03 1.34 ± 0.05 <0.06 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 2.26 ± 0.07 2.61 ± 0.11 <0.01 
VLDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 0.41 ± 0.02 0.53 ± 0.03 <0.01 
Triacylglycerol (mmol/l) 0.91 ± 0.04 1.15 ± 0.07 <0.01 
Leptin (ng/ml) 12.8 ± 1.1 29.4 ± 1.9 <0.001 

Data are means ± SE. Adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, and smoking status.

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