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Table 3—

Results of measures of glycemic control, psychosocial functioning, and satisfaction

In person vs. via telemedicinenBaselineImmediately after education*3 months after education
HbA1c, #, ††, ‡‡ (%)     
 In person 18 8.6 ± 1.6 7.8 ± 1.3 7.6 ± 1.3 
 Via telemedicine 19 8.7 ± 2.1 7.8 ± 1.6 7.8 ± 2.2 
 Total 37 8.6 ± 1.8 7.8 ± 1.5 7.8 ± 1.8 
LDL cholesterol§, **, ††, ‡‡ (mmol/l)     
 In person 19 2.93 ± 0.74 2.79 ± 0.68 2.67 ± 0.97 
 Via telemedicine 15 2.84 ± 0.98 2.47 ± 0.86 2.55 ± 0.97 
 Total 34 2.89 ± 0.84 2.65 ± 0.77 2.62 ± 0.96 
PAID scale§, , **, ††, ‡‡     
 In person 17 35.8 ± 23.4 33.6 ± 17.0 29.4 ± 17.8 
 Via telemedicine 14 37.4 ± 25.8 28.1 ± 22.0 27.4 ± 17.9 
 Total 31 36.6 ± 24.1 31.1 ± 19.2 28.6 ± 17.6 
ADS scale§,**, ††, ‡‡     
 In person 19 20.1 ± 4.7 19.3 ± 2.7 18.6 ± 4.2 
 Via telemedicine 15 20.1 ± 4.1 17.1 ± 3.7 18.6 ± 3.5 
 Total 34 20.1 ± 4.4 18.3 ± 3.3 18.6 ± 3.9 
Treatment satisfaction,**, ††, ‡‡     
 In person 16 23.8 ± 7.9 30.7 ± 3.8 29.1 ± 5.3 
 Via telemedicine 12 22.8 ± 8.6 30.9 ± 4.2 31.3 ± 4.2 
 Total 28 23.4 ± 8.1 30.8 ± 3.9 30.0 ± 5.1 
DQOL scale, **, ††, ‡‡     
 In person 19 61.2 ± 15.0 69.6 ± 11.8 68.4 ± 13.5 
 Via telemedicine 16 63.4 ± 13.0 71.4 ± 12.2 69.1 ± 11.0 
 Total 35 62.2 ± 13.9 70.4 ± 11.8 68.7 ± 12.3 
In person vs. via telemedicinenBaselineImmediately after education*3 months after education
HbA1c, #, ††, ‡‡ (%)     
 In person 18 8.6 ± 1.6 7.8 ± 1.3 7.6 ± 1.3 
 Via telemedicine 19 8.7 ± 2.1 7.8 ± 1.6 7.8 ± 2.2 
 Total 37 8.6 ± 1.8 7.8 ± 1.5 7.8 ± 1.8 
LDL cholesterol§, **, ††, ‡‡ (mmol/l)     
 In person 19 2.93 ± 0.74 2.79 ± 0.68 2.67 ± 0.97 
 Via telemedicine 15 2.84 ± 0.98 2.47 ± 0.86 2.55 ± 0.97 
 Total 34 2.89 ± 0.84 2.65 ± 0.77 2.62 ± 0.96 
PAID scale§, , **, ††, ‡‡     
 In person 17 35.8 ± 23.4 33.6 ± 17.0 29.4 ± 17.8 
 Via telemedicine 14 37.4 ± 25.8 28.1 ± 22.0 27.4 ± 17.9 
 Total 31 36.6 ± 24.1 31.1 ± 19.2 28.6 ± 17.6 
ADS scale§,**, ††, ‡‡     
 In person 19 20.1 ± 4.7 19.3 ± 2.7 18.6 ± 4.2 
 Via telemedicine 15 20.1 ± 4.1 17.1 ± 3.7 18.6 ± 3.5 
 Total 34 20.1 ± 4.4 18.3 ± 3.3 18.6 ± 3.9 
Treatment satisfaction,**, ††, ‡‡     
 In person 16 23.8 ± 7.9 30.7 ± 3.8 29.1 ± 5.3 
 Via telemedicine 12 22.8 ± 8.6 30.9 ± 4.2 31.3 ± 4.2 
 Total 28 23.4 ± 8.1 30.8 ± 3.9 30.0 ± 5.1 
DQOL scale, **, ††, ‡‡     
 In person 19 61.2 ± 15.0 69.6 ± 11.8 68.4 ± 13.5 
 Via telemedicine 16 63.4 ± 13.0 71.4 ± 12.2 69.1 ± 11.0 
 Total 35 62.2 ± 13.9 70.4 ± 11.8 68.7 ± 12.3 

Data are means ± SD. All post-measures for all subjects were not available.

*

Obtained immediately after visit;

obtained 3 months after third educational visit. Baseline vs. post-education unadjusted for age and BMI:

P < 0.01,

§

P < 0.05,

NS. Baseline vs. post-education adjusted for age and BMI:

P < 0.05,

#

P < 0.1,

**

NS. In person vs. via telemedicine:

††

NS. Time × condition:

‡‡

NS.

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