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Table 2—

Frequencies of retinopathy level in women with type 1 diabetes treated with insulin lispro and regular insulin throughout pregnancy and postpartum

Retinopathy severity level (%)Insulin lisproRegular insulinP
At initial examination n = 36 n = 33  
 No or mild (DCCT ≤3) 15 (41.7) 21 (63.6) 0.18 
 Moderate (DCCT 4–8) 21 (58.3) 12 (36.4)  
 Proliferative (DCCT 11) 0 (0) 0 (0)  
During the 24–26 weeks’ gestation n = 35 n = 33  
 No or mild (DCCT ≤3) 13 (37.1) 19 (57.6) 0.21 
 Moderate (DCCT 4–8) 21 (60) 14 (42.4)  
 Proliferative (DCCT 11) 1 (2.9) 0 (0)  
During the 34–36 weeks’ gestation n = 34 n = 30  
 No or mild (DCCT ≤3) 11 (32.4) 12 (40) 0.60 
 Moderate (DCCT 4–8) 21 (61.8) 18 (60)  
 Proliferative (DCCT 11) 2 (5.8) 0 (0)  
3 months postpartum n = 35 n = 33  
 No or mild (DCCT ≤3) 13 (37.1) 14 (42.4) 0.36 
 Moderate (DCCT 4–8) 19 (54.3) 19 (57.6)  
 Proliferative (DCCT 11) 3 (8.6) 0 (0)  
6 months postpartum n = 35 n = 33  
 No or mild (DCCT ≤3) 12 (34.3) 18 (54.5) 0.56 
 Moderate (DCCT 4–8) 19 (54.2) 13 (39.5)  
 Proliferative (DCCT 11) 4 (11.5) 2 (6.0)  
Retinopathy severity level (%)Insulin lisproRegular insulinP
At initial examination n = 36 n = 33  
 No or mild (DCCT ≤3) 15 (41.7) 21 (63.6) 0.18 
 Moderate (DCCT 4–8) 21 (58.3) 12 (36.4)  
 Proliferative (DCCT 11) 0 (0) 0 (0)  
During the 24–26 weeks’ gestation n = 35 n = 33  
 No or mild (DCCT ≤3) 13 (37.1) 19 (57.6) 0.21 
 Moderate (DCCT 4–8) 21 (60) 14 (42.4)  
 Proliferative (DCCT 11) 1 (2.9) 0 (0)  
During the 34–36 weeks’ gestation n = 34 n = 30  
 No or mild (DCCT ≤3) 11 (32.4) 12 (40) 0.60 
 Moderate (DCCT 4–8) 21 (61.8) 18 (60)  
 Proliferative (DCCT 11) 2 (5.8) 0 (0)  
3 months postpartum n = 35 n = 33  
 No or mild (DCCT ≤3) 13 (37.1) 14 (42.4) 0.36 
 Moderate (DCCT 4–8) 19 (54.3) 19 (57.6)  
 Proliferative (DCCT 11) 3 (8.6) 0 (0)  
6 months postpartum n = 35 n = 33  
 No or mild (DCCT ≤3) 12 (34.3) 18 (54.5) 0.56 
 Moderate (DCCT 4–8) 19 (54.2) 13 (39.5)  
 Proliferative (DCCT 11) 4 (11.5) 2 (6.0)  

Data are n (%). P values were calculated with χ2 test.

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