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Table 1—

Baseline characteristics in 1982 by presence or absence of diabetes and depression

No diabetes, not depressedNo diabetes, depressedDiabetes, not depressedDiabetes, depressed
n 7,032 2,278 453 262 
Mean age (years) 55.7 56.9 62.6 64.2 
Sex (%)     
    Male 40.0 28.4 43.5 28.6 
    Female 60.0 71.6 56.5 71.4 
Race/ethnicity (%)     
    White 87.9 83.1 75.9 72.9 
    Black/other 12.1 16.9 24.1 27.1 
Poverty:income ratio (%)     
    <125 16.6 26.1 31.5 36.1 
    125–399 61.6 59.8 52.0 54.1 
    ≥400 21.8 14.1 16.5 9.8 
Education (%)     
    <High school graduate 36.7 50.0 59.7 70.6 
    High school graduate 30.7 27.0 23.1 16.1 
    >High school graduate 32.6 23.0 17.2 13.3 
Marital status (%)     
    Not married 28.5 38.7 38.3 48.1 
    Married 71.5 61.3 61.7 51.9 
Physical activity (%)     
    Regular 17.3 13.3 9.1 8.4 
    Light 52.2 41.1 42.8 29.1 
    Sedentary 30.5 45.6 48.1 62.5 
Mean BMI (kg/m225.9 26.1 28.7 29.0 
BMI category (%)     
    Normal weight (18.5–24.9 kg/m247.3 47.8 28.5 25.4 
    Overweight (25.0–29.9 kg/m236.1 33.6 37.2 37.5 
    Obese (≥30 kg/m216.6 18.6 34.3 37.1 
Smoking (%)     
    Never smoked 44.8 45.6 48.6 51.5 
    Former smoker 27.6 23.7 30.9 27.5 
    Current smoker 27.6 30.7 20.5 21.0 
Cancer (%) 3.5 5.4 4.4 5.7 
Hypertension (%) 40.6 48.6 69.5 74.4 
Heart disease (%) 13.5 22.1 30.9 45.0 
Stroke (%) 0.6 1.9 3.1 8.4 
Aspirin use (%) 21.7 30.8 25.6 30.9 
No diabetes, not depressedNo diabetes, depressedDiabetes, not depressedDiabetes, depressed
n 7,032 2,278 453 262 
Mean age (years) 55.7 56.9 62.6 64.2 
Sex (%)     
    Male 40.0 28.4 43.5 28.6 
    Female 60.0 71.6 56.5 71.4 
Race/ethnicity (%)     
    White 87.9 83.1 75.9 72.9 
    Black/other 12.1 16.9 24.1 27.1 
Poverty:income ratio (%)     
    <125 16.6 26.1 31.5 36.1 
    125–399 61.6 59.8 52.0 54.1 
    ≥400 21.8 14.1 16.5 9.8 
Education (%)     
    <High school graduate 36.7 50.0 59.7 70.6 
    High school graduate 30.7 27.0 23.1 16.1 
    >High school graduate 32.6 23.0 17.2 13.3 
Marital status (%)     
    Not married 28.5 38.7 38.3 48.1 
    Married 71.5 61.3 61.7 51.9 
Physical activity (%)     
    Regular 17.3 13.3 9.1 8.4 
    Light 52.2 41.1 42.8 29.1 
    Sedentary 30.5 45.6 48.1 62.5 
Mean BMI (kg/m225.9 26.1 28.7 29.0 
BMI category (%)     
    Normal weight (18.5–24.9 kg/m247.3 47.8 28.5 25.4 
    Overweight (25.0–29.9 kg/m236.1 33.6 37.2 37.5 
    Obese (≥30 kg/m216.6 18.6 34.3 37.1 
Smoking (%)     
    Never smoked 44.8 45.6 48.6 51.5 
    Former smoker 27.6 23.7 30.9 27.5 
    Current smoker 27.6 30.7 20.5 21.0 
Cancer (%) 3.5 5.4 4.4 5.7 
Hypertension (%) 40.6 48.6 69.5 74.4 
Heart disease (%) 13.5 22.1 30.9 45.0 
Stroke (%) 0.6 1.9 3.1 8.4 
Aspirin use (%) 21.7 30.8 25.6 30.9 
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