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Table 2—

Effects of physical activity counseling on energy expenditure (METs per hour per week), body weight; BMI; waist circumference; FPG; HBA1c; systolic and diastolic blood pressure; resting heart rate; serum total, LDL, and HDL cholesterol; serum triglycerides; and 10-year CHD risk in the entire group of 179 type 2 diabetic subjects

BasalChange
Energy expenditure (METs · h−1 · week−10.6 ± 0.2 26.0 ± 1.7 (21–28)* 
Weight (kg) 81.6 ± 0.8 −1.3 ± 0.2 (−1.6 to −0.8)* 
BMI (kg/m229.3 ± 0.2 −0.4 (−0.6 to −0.3)* 
Waist (cm) 99.8 ± 0.8 −2.7 (−3.4 to −2.1)* 
FPG (mmol/l) 9.1 ± 0.1* −0.8 (−1.0 to −0.7)* 
HbA1c (%) 7.6 ± 0.1 −0.6 ± 0.1 (−0.7 to −0.5)* 
Maximum blood pressure (mmHg) 144 ± 1 −5.4 ± 0.6 (−6.7 to −4.0)* 
Minimum blood pressure (mmHg) 87 ± 1 −4.6 ± 1.0 (−5.7 to −3.5)* 
Heart rate (bpm) 79 ± 2 −2.8 ± 0.5 (−3.5 to −2.2)* 
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.6 ± 0.1 −0.2 ± 0.1 (−0.3 to −0.1)* 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.5 ± 0.1 −0.2 ± 0.1 (−0.3 to −0.1)* 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.0 ± 0.1 0.1 ± 0.1 (0.2–0.1)* 
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 2.3 ± 0.1 −0.4 ± 0.1 (−0.5 to −0.4)* 
10-year CHD risk (%) 22.8 ± 0.7 −2.7 ± 1.0 (−3.4 to −2.1) 
BasalChange
Energy expenditure (METs · h−1 · week−10.6 ± 0.2 26.0 ± 1.7 (21–28)* 
Weight (kg) 81.6 ± 0.8 −1.3 ± 0.2 (−1.6 to −0.8)* 
BMI (kg/m229.3 ± 0.2 −0.4 (−0.6 to −0.3)* 
Waist (cm) 99.8 ± 0.8 −2.7 (−3.4 to −2.1)* 
FPG (mmol/l) 9.1 ± 0.1* −0.8 (−1.0 to −0.7)* 
HbA1c (%) 7.6 ± 0.1 −0.6 ± 0.1 (−0.7 to −0.5)* 
Maximum blood pressure (mmHg) 144 ± 1 −5.4 ± 0.6 (−6.7 to −4.0)* 
Minimum blood pressure (mmHg) 87 ± 1 −4.6 ± 1.0 (−5.7 to −3.5)* 
Heart rate (bpm) 79 ± 2 −2.8 ± 0.5 (−3.5 to −2.2)* 
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.6 ± 0.1 −0.2 ± 0.1 (−0.3 to −0.1)* 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.5 ± 0.1 −0.2 ± 0.1 (−0.3 to −0.1)* 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.0 ± 0.1 0.1 ± 0.1 (0.2–0.1)* 
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 2.3 ± 0.1 −0.4 ± 0.1 (−0.5 to −0.4)* 
10-year CHD risk (%) 22.8 ± 0.7 −2.7 ± 1.0 (−3.4 to −2.1) 

Data are means ± SE and means (95% CI).

*

P < 0.01,

P < 0.05 vs. basal.

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