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TABLE 3

Cognitive performance

Cognitive domains and testsControl subjectsType 1 diabetic patientsMean dif (95% CI)
Abstract reasoning 0.09 ± 0.15 −0.09 ± 0.15 −0.18 (−0.62 to 0.25) 
Memory 0.09 ± 0.07 −0.08 ± 0.07 −0.17 (−0.36 to 0.02) 
    Working memory −0.05 ± 0.11 0.05 ± 0.11 0.10 (−0.22 to 0.42) 
    Immediate memory and learning 0.11 ± 0.09 −0.09 ± 0.09 −0.21 (−0.48 to 0.06) 
    Forgetting rate 0.15 ± 0.13 −0.12 ± 0.13 −0.26 (−0.63 to 0.13) 
    Incidental memory 0.15 ± 0.16 −0.15 ± 0.16 −0.30 (−0.76 to 0.16) 
Information processing speed 0.16 ± 0.10 −0.17 ± 0.10 −0.34 (−0.63 to −0.04)* 
Attention and executive function 0.07 ± 0.08 −0.07 ± 0.08 −0.13 (−0.37 to 0.10) 
Visuoconstruction −0.28 ± 0.15 0.28 ± 0.15 0.56 (0.13–0.98)* 
Cognitive domains and testsControl subjectsType 1 diabetic patientsMean dif (95% CI)
Abstract reasoning 0.09 ± 0.15 −0.09 ± 0.15 −0.18 (−0.62 to 0.25) 
Memory 0.09 ± 0.07 −0.08 ± 0.07 −0.17 (−0.36 to 0.02) 
    Working memory −0.05 ± 0.11 0.05 ± 0.11 0.10 (−0.22 to 0.42) 
    Immediate memory and learning 0.11 ± 0.09 −0.09 ± 0.09 −0.21 (−0.48 to 0.06) 
    Forgetting rate 0.15 ± 0.13 −0.12 ± 0.13 −0.26 (−0.63 to 0.13) 
    Incidental memory 0.15 ± 0.16 −0.15 ± 0.16 −0.30 (−0.76 to 0.16) 
Information processing speed 0.16 ± 0.10 −0.17 ± 0.10 −0.34 (−0.63 to −0.04)* 
Attention and executive function 0.07 ± 0.08 −0.07 ± 0.08 −0.13 (−0.37 to 0.10) 
Visuoconstruction −0.28 ± 0.15 0.28 ± 0.15 0.56 (0.13–0.98)* 

Domain scores are presented as adjusted z-scores ± SE. Mean dif: the adjusted between group difference (type 1 diabetic patients − control subjects) in the univariate ANOVA; scores are adjusted for estimated premorbid IQ. Negative z-values indicate worse performance.

*

P < 0.05.

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