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TABLE 4

Level of self-reported psychological and physical complaints

Psychological scalesControl subjectsType 1 diabetic patientsMean dif (95% CI)
SCL-90-R    
    Total Score 116.1 ± 4.04 121.6 ± 4.04 5.59 (−6.10 to 17.27) 
    Anxiety 12.34 ± 0.44 12.76 ± 0.44 0.42 (−0.86 to 1.69) 
    Agoraphobia 7.87 ± 0.32 7.93 ± 0.32 0.00 (−0.86 to 0.97) 
    Depression 20.56 ± 0.84 22.34 ± 0.84 1.79 (−0.63 to 4.20)* 
    Somatization 18.30 ± 0.84 18.95 ± 0.84 0.65 (−1.77 to 3.07) 
    Cognitive performance difficulty 12.55 ± 0.58 14.53 ± 0.58 1.98 (0.30–3.65)* 
    Interpersonal sensitivity and paranoid ideation 21.92 ± 0.88 24.21 ± 0.88 2.28 (−0.27 to 4.84) 
    Anger-hostility 6.33 ± 0.29 7.49 ± 0.29 1.16 (0.33–1.99)* 
    Sleep disturbance 5.42 ± 0.45 6.04 ± 0.45 0.63 (−0.69 to 1.94) 
    BDI-II 3.96 ± 0.72 5.73 ± 0.71 1.76 (−0.32 to 3.85) 
Psychological scalesControl subjectsType 1 diabetic patientsMean dif (95% CI)
SCL-90-R    
    Total Score 116.1 ± 4.04 121.6 ± 4.04 5.59 (−6.10 to 17.27) 
    Anxiety 12.34 ± 0.44 12.76 ± 0.44 0.42 (−0.86 to 1.69) 
    Agoraphobia 7.87 ± 0.32 7.93 ± 0.32 0.00 (−0.86 to 0.97) 
    Depression 20.56 ± 0.84 22.34 ± 0.84 1.79 (−0.63 to 4.20)* 
    Somatization 18.30 ± 0.84 18.95 ± 0.84 0.65 (−1.77 to 3.07) 
    Cognitive performance difficulty 12.55 ± 0.58 14.53 ± 0.58 1.98 (0.30–3.65)* 
    Interpersonal sensitivity and paranoid ideation 21.92 ± 0.88 24.21 ± 0.88 2.28 (−0.27 to 4.84) 
    Anger-hostility 6.33 ± 0.29 7.49 ± 0.29 1.16 (0.33–1.99)* 
    Sleep disturbance 5.42 ± 0.45 6.04 ± 0.45 0.63 (−0.69 to 1.94) 
    BDI-II 3.96 ± 0.72 5.73 ± 0.71 1.76 (−0.32 to 3.85) 

Data are adjusted means ± SE. Mean dif: the adjusted between group differences (type 1 diabetic patients − control subjects) in the univariate ANOVA. All scores are adjusted for estimated premorbid IQ and sex. Higher scores reflect more reported complaints.

*

P < 0.05.

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