Skip to Main Content
Table 1—

Demographic data in 1999 at 18-year follow-up in groups according to tertiles of mean HbA1c over 18 years

HbA1c ≤7.8%HbA1c >7.8 and <8.4%HbA1c ≥8.4%
n 13 11 15 
Sex distribution: men/women 6/7 8/3 9/6 
Age (range) 43 (35–53) 42.5 (36–58) 43 (38–53) 
Duration of diabetes (years) 29.5 ± 3.5 28.4 ± 3.6 32 ± 5 
HbA1c over 18 years (%) 7.3 ± 0.4 8.1 ± 0.1 9.1 ± 0.9 
HbA1c (%) 8.0 ± 0.8 8.6 ± 1.0 9.4 ± 1.5 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 128 ± 12 133 ± 21 126 ± 11 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 79 ± 11 85 ± 9 77 ± 8 
BMI (kg/m222 ± 2 23 ± 2 23 ± 6 
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.4 ± 0.8 5.2 ± 0.5 5.4 ± 0.7 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.1 ± 0.9 3.1 ± 0.6 3.2 ± 0.8 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 2.0 ± 0.3 1.7 ± 0.3 1.6 ± 0.4 
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 0.7 ± 0.2 1.0 ± 0.3 1.4 ± 1.6 
Total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio 2.8 ± 0.7 3.2 ± 0.7 3.5 ± 1.0 
Microalbuminuria 
Overt nephropathy 
Current smokers 
Patients on antihypertensive treatment 
Patients on lipid-lowering medication 
HbA1c ≤7.8%HbA1c >7.8 and <8.4%HbA1c ≥8.4%
n 13 11 15 
Sex distribution: men/women 6/7 8/3 9/6 
Age (range) 43 (35–53) 42.5 (36–58) 43 (38–53) 
Duration of diabetes (years) 29.5 ± 3.5 28.4 ± 3.6 32 ± 5 
HbA1c over 18 years (%) 7.3 ± 0.4 8.1 ± 0.1 9.1 ± 0.9 
HbA1c (%) 8.0 ± 0.8 8.6 ± 1.0 9.4 ± 1.5 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 128 ± 12 133 ± 21 126 ± 11 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 79 ± 11 85 ± 9 77 ± 8 
BMI (kg/m222 ± 2 23 ± 2 23 ± 6 
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.4 ± 0.8 5.2 ± 0.5 5.4 ± 0.7 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.1 ± 0.9 3.1 ± 0.6 3.2 ± 0.8 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 2.0 ± 0.3 1.7 ± 0.3 1.6 ± 0.4 
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 0.7 ± 0.2 1.0 ± 0.3 1.4 ± 1.6 
Total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio 2.8 ± 0.7 3.2 ± 0.7 3.5 ± 1.0 
Microalbuminuria 
Overt nephropathy 
Current smokers 
Patients on antihypertensive treatment 
Patients on lipid-lowering medication 

Data are means ± 1 SD.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal