Skip to Main Content
Table 3—

Relative odds of diabetic nephropathy and cardiovascular disease by race and other covariates

CovariateESRD
Diabetic nephropathy
Cardiovascular disease
UnadjustedAdjusted*UnadjustedAdjusted*UnadjustedAdjusted
Caucasian 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 
African American 1.9 (1.8–1.9) 1.9 (1.9–2.0) 1.3 (1.2–1.3) 1.3 (1.2–1.4) 0.53 (0.52–0.54) 0.51 (0.50–0.52) 
Hispanic 1.2 (1.1–1.3) 1.4 (1.3–1.4) 0.7 (0.6–0.8) 0.7 (1.6–1.8) 0.54 (0.53–0.56) 0.58 (0.57–0.60) 
Asian 1.8 (1.5–2.1) 1.8 (1.5–2.1) 0.8 (0.6–1.1) 0.8 (0.5–1.1) 0.61 (0.56–0.67) 0.67 (0.61–0.74) 
Native American 1.5 (1.3–1.9) 1.9 (1.5–2.3) 1.4 (1.0–1.9) 1.5 (1.1–2.1) 0.58 (0.53–0.64) 0.73 (0.66–0.82) 
Age category (years)       
 <40 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 
 40–65 2.4 (2.0–2.8) 1.5 (1.2–1.8) 1.5 (1.2–1.8) 1.0 (0.8–1.2) 5.82 (5.35–6.31) 3.99 (3.67–4.35) 
 65–75 3.4 (2.9–4.1) 2.0 (1.6–2.4) 1.8 (1.5–2.2) 1.1 (0.8–1.3) 11.70 (10.78–12.70) 7.14 (6.55–7.77) 
CovariateESRD
Diabetic nephropathy
Cardiovascular disease
UnadjustedAdjusted*UnadjustedAdjusted*UnadjustedAdjusted
Caucasian 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 
African American 1.9 (1.8–1.9) 1.9 (1.9–2.0) 1.3 (1.2–1.3) 1.3 (1.2–1.4) 0.53 (0.52–0.54) 0.51 (0.50–0.52) 
Hispanic 1.2 (1.1–1.3) 1.4 (1.3–1.4) 0.7 (0.6–0.8) 0.7 (1.6–1.8) 0.54 (0.53–0.56) 0.58 (0.57–0.60) 
Asian 1.8 (1.5–2.1) 1.8 (1.5–2.1) 0.8 (0.6–1.1) 0.8 (0.5–1.1) 0.61 (0.56–0.67) 0.67 (0.61–0.74) 
Native American 1.5 (1.3–1.9) 1.9 (1.5–2.3) 1.4 (1.0–1.9) 1.5 (1.1–2.1) 0.58 (0.53–0.64) 0.73 (0.66–0.82) 
Age category (years)       
 <40 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 
 40–65 2.4 (2.0–2.8) 1.5 (1.2–1.8) 1.5 (1.2–1.8) 1.0 (0.8–1.2) 5.82 (5.35–6.31) 3.99 (3.67–4.35) 
 65–75 3.4 (2.9–4.1) 2.0 (1.6–2.4) 1.8 (1.5–2.2) 1.1 (0.8–1.3) 11.70 (10.78–12.70) 7.14 (6.55–7.77) 

Data are OR (95% CI).

*

Models adjusted for age, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, nonservice connection, total number of visits, region, and sex;

models adjusted for age, race, stroke, sex, presence of renal disease, COPD, hypertension, previous amputation, total number of visits, non-service connection, diabetic eye disease, and region.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal