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Table 4—

RR of 18-month mortality by race and other covariates

CovariateUnadjusted hazard ratio95% CIAdjusted* hazard ratio95% CI
White 1.0 — 1.0 — 
African American 0.87 0.84–0.90 0.93 0.89–0.97 
Hispanic 0.76 0.72–0.80 0.88 0.79–0.88 
Asian 0.74 0.61–0.89 0.88 0.72–1.09 
Native American 1.02 0.86–1.21 1.12 0.91–1.36 
Age category (years)     
 <40 1.0 — 1.0 — 
 40–64 3.50 2.80–4.37 5.24 4.07–6.76 
 65–75 7.67 6.14–9.56 11.0 8.55–14.17 
 75+ 13.47 10.79–16.81 18.5 14.36–23.81 
DN 3.02 2.85–3.21 1.85 1.72–1.98 
Diabetic ESRD 3.87 3.73–4.02 2.72 2.60–2.84 
Comparative risk in DN (subgroup analysis)     
 Caucasians with DN 1.0 — 1.0 — 
 African Americans with DN 0.79 0.76–0.83 0.91 0.87–0.95 
 Hispanics with DN 0.73 0.68–0.77 0.79 0.73–0.84 
 Asians with DN 0.63 0.50–0.80 0.79 0.61–1.01 
 Native Americans with DN 0.93 0.76–1.14 0.98 0.77–1.25 
Comparative risk in ESRD (subgroup analysis)     
 Caucasians with ESRD 1.0 — 1.0 — 
 African Americans ESRD 0.78 0.75–0.81 0.87 0.84–0.91 
 Hispanics with ESRD 0.73 0.69–0.77 0.80 0.74–0.85 
 Asians with ESRD 0.64 0.52–0.79 0.81 0.65–1.02 
 Native Americans with ESRD 1.02 0.84–1.22 1.06 0.86–1.31 
CovariateUnadjusted hazard ratio95% CIAdjusted* hazard ratio95% CI
White 1.0 — 1.0 — 
African American 0.87 0.84–0.90 0.93 0.89–0.97 
Hispanic 0.76 0.72–0.80 0.88 0.79–0.88 
Asian 0.74 0.61–0.89 0.88 0.72–1.09 
Native American 1.02 0.86–1.21 1.12 0.91–1.36 
Age category (years)     
 <40 1.0 — 1.0 — 
 40–64 3.50 2.80–4.37 5.24 4.07–6.76 
 65–75 7.67 6.14–9.56 11.0 8.55–14.17 
 75+ 13.47 10.79–16.81 18.5 14.36–23.81 
DN 3.02 2.85–3.21 1.85 1.72–1.98 
Diabetic ESRD 3.87 3.73–4.02 2.72 2.60–2.84 
Comparative risk in DN (subgroup analysis)     
 Caucasians with DN 1.0 — 1.0 — 
 African Americans with DN 0.79 0.76–0.83 0.91 0.87–0.95 
 Hispanics with DN 0.73 0.68–0.77 0.79 0.73–0.84 
 Asians with DN 0.63 0.50–0.80 0.79 0.61–1.01 
 Native Americans with DN 0.93 0.76–1.14 0.98 0.77–1.25 
Comparative risk in ESRD (subgroup analysis)     
 Caucasians with ESRD 1.0 — 1.0 — 
 African Americans ESRD 0.78 0.75–0.81 0.87 0.84–0.91 
 Hispanics with ESRD 0.73 0.69–0.77 0.80 0.74–0.85 
 Asians with ESRD 0.64 0.52–0.79 0.81 0.65–1.02 
 Native Americans with ESRD 1.02 0.84–1.22 1.06 0.86–1.31 
*

Adjusted for age, total number of visits, number of hospitalizations, region, and sex;

indicates patients with diabetic nephropathy not yet on dialysis. DN, diabetic nephropathy.

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