Table 2—

HRQOL of Ontarians with and without diabetes, 1996–1997*

Men
Women
Prevalence among those with diabetes (%)Prevalence among those without diabetes (%)Prevalence ratioPrevalence among those with diabetes (%)Prevalence among those without diabetes (%)Prevalence ratio
Measures of physical functioning       
 Vision (% with vision problems not corrected by lenses) 1.9 1.7 1.1 4.4 2.4 1.8 
 Mobility (% with mobility problems) 4.1 2.5 1.6 4.9 3.1 1.6 
 Dexterity (% with dexterity problems) 1.0 0.6 1.6 1.3 1.0 1.4 
 Pain (% reporting chronic pain) 13.6 9.8 1.4 17.3 12.7 1.4 
Measures of mental/psychological functioning       
 Emotion (% reporting less than perfect emotional state) 17.5 14.4 1.2 20.3 14.1 1.4 
 Cognition (% reporting less than perfect cognition) 17.5 17.9 1.0 21.3 20.9 1.0 
 Distress level       
  None 39.3 41.3 1.0 25.3 34.8 0.7§ 
  Low 21.8 27.3 0.8 24.7 27.2 0.9 
  Medium 24.4 21.1 1.2 22.8 23.3 1.0 
  High 14.5 10.3 1.4 27.3 14.7 1.9§ 
Measures of activity       
 Has long-term disability (lasting 6 months or more) 20.3 8.5 2.4§ 15.1 9.6 1.6§ 
 Needs assistance with ADLs 2.3* 1.4 1.6 2.9 1.9 1.6 
 Needs assistance with IADLs 12.3 5.6 2.2§ 17.9 10.0 1.8§ 
 Severity of disability       
  None 72.4 87.3 0.8§ 74.7 83.5 0.9§ 
  Mild 16.9 7.8 2.2§ 13.0 8.4 1.6 
  Moderate 9.0 3.6 2.5§ 9.5 6.3 1.5 
  Severe 1.7 1.3 1.3 2.8 1.8 1.6 
Measures of social participation       
 Restriction of normal activities 25.4 11.7 2.2§ 19.4 14.3 1.4§ 
 Current working status (those <70 years of age only)       
  Currently working 66.5 74.1 0.9 43.3 61.5 0.7§ 
  Not working (illness/disability) 10.5 3.0 3.5§ 7.9 3.7 2.1 
  Not working (family responsibilities) — — — 25.9 11.7 2.2§ 
  Not working (other reasons) 23.0 22.6 1.0 22.9 23.1 1.0 
Global measures of health status       
 Self-rated health of “good” or better 84.8 92.1 0.9§ 80.7 90.9 0.9§ 
 HUI Score (mean) 0.896 0.924  0.886 0.909  
Men
Women
Prevalence among those with diabetes (%)Prevalence among those without diabetes (%)Prevalence ratioPrevalence among those with diabetes (%)Prevalence among those without diabetes (%)Prevalence ratio
Measures of physical functioning       
 Vision (% with vision problems not corrected by lenses) 1.9 1.7 1.1 4.4 2.4 1.8 
 Mobility (% with mobility problems) 4.1 2.5 1.6 4.9 3.1 1.6 
 Dexterity (% with dexterity problems) 1.0 0.6 1.6 1.3 1.0 1.4 
 Pain (% reporting chronic pain) 13.6 9.8 1.4 17.3 12.7 1.4 
Measures of mental/psychological functioning       
 Emotion (% reporting less than perfect emotional state) 17.5 14.4 1.2 20.3 14.1 1.4 
 Cognition (% reporting less than perfect cognition) 17.5 17.9 1.0 21.3 20.9 1.0 
 Distress level       
  None 39.3 41.3 1.0 25.3 34.8 0.7§ 
  Low 21.8 27.3 0.8 24.7 27.2 0.9 
  Medium 24.4 21.1 1.2 22.8 23.3 1.0 
  High 14.5 10.3 1.4 27.3 14.7 1.9§ 
Measures of activity       
 Has long-term disability (lasting 6 months or more) 20.3 8.5 2.4§ 15.1 9.6 1.6§ 
 Needs assistance with ADLs 2.3* 1.4 1.6 2.9 1.9 1.6 
 Needs assistance with IADLs 12.3 5.6 2.2§ 17.9 10.0 1.8§ 
 Severity of disability       
  None 72.4 87.3 0.8§ 74.7 83.5 0.9§ 
  Mild 16.9 7.8 2.2§ 13.0 8.4 1.6 
  Moderate 9.0 3.6 2.5§ 9.5 6.3 1.5 
  Severe 1.7 1.3 1.3 2.8 1.8 1.6 
Measures of social participation       
 Restriction of normal activities 25.4 11.7 2.2§ 19.4 14.3 1.4§ 
 Current working status (those <70 years of age only)       
  Currently working 66.5 74.1 0.9 43.3 61.5 0.7§ 
  Not working (illness/disability) 10.5 3.0 3.5§ 7.9 3.7 2.1 
  Not working (family responsibilities) — — — 25.9 11.7 2.2§ 
  Not working (other reasons) 23.0 22.6 1.0 22.9 23.1 1.0 
Global measures of health status       
 Self-rated health of “good” or better 84.8 92.1 0.9§ 80.7 90.9 0.9§ 
 HUI Score (mean) 0.896 0.924  0.886 0.909  
*

All estimates age standardized to the 1991 Canadian population;

†except HUI Score, which is reported as the mean value;

prevalence ratio is the ratio of the prevalence of each characteristic among those with diabetes to the prevalence among those without;

P < 0.05;

§

P < 0.005;

estimate should be treated with caution due to high sampling variability (coefficient of variation between 16.5 and 33.0). Data sources: OHS II, Ontario Health Insurance Plan, RPDB.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal