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Table 2—

Prevalence of functional limitations and overall functional disability* by disease category

No major depression and no diabetes (%)Major depression (%)Diabetes only (%)Diabetes and major depression (%)P value
Difficulty walking 12 city blocks 10.9 26.7 39.0 60.2 <0.0001 
Difficulty climbing 10 steps 8.1 20.1 30.7 51.7 <0.0001 
Difficulty standing on feet for 2 h 13.2 30.1 40.0 61.6 <0.0001 
Difficulty sitting for 2 h 7.3 23.9 17.1 35.9 <0.0001 
Difficulty stooping, bending, or kneeling 15.9 35.3 44.0 59.7 <0.0001 
Difficulty reaching over head 5.5 18.0 17.0 32.0 <0.0001 
Difficulty grasping small objects 5.4 14.4 18.9 30.9 <0.0001 
Difficulty lifting 10 pounds 7.1 19.5 25.4 49.5 <0.0001 
Difficulty pushing or pulling heavy objects 10.2 26.2 32.2 55.5 <0.0001 
Difficulty shopping 5.1 17.3 20.5 39.8 <0.0001 
Difficulty visiting friends 4.0 16.8 15.6 34.7 <0.0001 
Difficulty watching television or listening to music to relax 2.1 12.2 7.6 22.3 <0.0001 
Overall functional disability 24.5 51.3 58.1 77.8 <0.0001 
No major depression and no diabetes (%)Major depression (%)Diabetes only (%)Diabetes and major depression (%)P value
Difficulty walking 12 city blocks 10.9 26.7 39.0 60.2 <0.0001 
Difficulty climbing 10 steps 8.1 20.1 30.7 51.7 <0.0001 
Difficulty standing on feet for 2 h 13.2 30.1 40.0 61.6 <0.0001 
Difficulty sitting for 2 h 7.3 23.9 17.1 35.9 <0.0001 
Difficulty stooping, bending, or kneeling 15.9 35.3 44.0 59.7 <0.0001 
Difficulty reaching over head 5.5 18.0 17.0 32.0 <0.0001 
Difficulty grasping small objects 5.4 14.4 18.9 30.9 <0.0001 
Difficulty lifting 10 pounds 7.1 19.5 25.4 49.5 <0.0001 
Difficulty pushing or pulling heavy objects 10.2 26.2 32.2 55.5 <0.0001 
Difficulty shopping 5.1 17.3 20.5 39.8 <0.0001 
Difficulty visiting friends 4.0 16.8 15.6 34.7 <0.0001 
Difficulty watching television or listening to music to relax 2.1 12.2 7.6 22.3 <0.0001 
Overall functional disability 24.5 51.3 58.1 77.8 <0.0001 
*

Functional disability defined as difficulty performing any 1 of the 12 tasks listed above without special equipment. %, Weighted percentage.

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