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Table 2—

Multivariate model of incident PVD at 6 years, based on 61 of 2,398 patients

ComparisonOdds ratio95% CI
Age Each year older at diagnosis of diabetes 1.10 1.05–1.15 
HbA1c Each 1% increase 1.28 1.12–1.46 
SBP Each 10-mmHg increase 1.25 1.10–1.43 
HDL Each 0.1-mmol/l decrease 1.22 1.07–1.39 
Former smoking Never smoked 0.80 0.37–1.72 
Current smoking Never smoked 2.90 1.46–5.73 
Cardiovascular disease None 3.00 1.30–6.70 
Retinopathy Presence of retinopathy 1.64 0.97–2.78 
Peripheral sensory neuropathy Doubling of voltage threshold 1.31 0.89–1.93 
ComparisonOdds ratio95% CI
Age Each year older at diagnosis of diabetes 1.10 1.05–1.15 
HbA1c Each 1% increase 1.28 1.12–1.46 
SBP Each 10-mmHg increase 1.25 1.10–1.43 
HDL Each 0.1-mmol/l decrease 1.22 1.07–1.39 
Former smoking Never smoked 0.80 0.37–1.72 
Current smoking Never smoked 2.90 1.46–5.73 
Cardiovascular disease None 3.00 1.30–6.70 
Retinopathy Presence of retinopathy 1.64 0.97–2.78 
Peripheral sensory neuropathy Doubling of voltage threshold 1.31 0.89–1.93 
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