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Table 3—

Perceived disability

Outcome variable and groupTest 1 (before treatment)Test 2 (after primary treatment and healing)Test 3 (8 months after primary treatment and healing)Post hoc within group over time testsANOVA group × test (P)
Physical functioning      
 ATL 31.8 ± 8.6 27.7 ± 6.8 28.1 ± 5.3* NS  
 TCC 31.7 ± 7.1 32.8 ± 8.7 38.9 ± 11.5 1 and 2 vs. 3 P = 0.015 
Role physical      
 ATL 40.3 ± 10.5 32.1 ± 13.7 35.9 ± 9.5 1 and 2 vs. 3  
 TCC 35.4 ± 11.5 35.4 ± 11.5 40.8 ± 10.4 1 vs. 3 NS (0.085) 
Bodily pain      
 ATL 43.9 ± 11.5 44.4 ± 10.6 42.9 ± 12.9 NS  
 TCC 45.6 ± 10.6 44.9 ± 11.8 49.6 ± 8.5 NS NS (0.64) 
General health      
 ATL 39.7 ± 11.8 41.2 ± 11.8 36.3 ± 9.6 2 vs. 3  
 TCC 37.2 ± 11.1 37.8 ± 8.5 40.1 ± 11.2 NS 0.049 
Vitality      
 ATL 48.1 ± 8.3 48.1 ± 12.9 45.8 ± 11.0 NS  
 TCC 45.5 ± 10.9 44.4 ± 9.9 47.3 ± 11.7 NS NS (0.45) 
Social functioning      
 ATL 42.8 ± 12.4 40.2 ± 15.7 38.6 ± 16.3 NS  
 TCC 40.8 ± 12.3 42.2 ± 11.8 44.9 ± 10.6 NS NS (0.50) 
Role emotional      
 ATL 45.9 ± 12.2 43.6 ± 13.8 45.1 ± 12.6 NS  
 TCC 46.0 ± 14.1 46.0 ± 13.4 49.4 ± 10.2 NS NS (0.88) 
Mental health      
 ATL 48.4 ± 11.5 51.1 ± 12.0 50.0 ± 9.9 NS  
 TCC 47.0 ± 7.5 43.7 ± 11.5 50.4 ± 10.1 NS NS (0.56) 
Physical summary score      
 ATL 35.5 ± 6.9 31.3 ± 8.0 31.0 ± 6.2* NS  
 TCC 33.9 ± 7.5 35.0 ± 7.7 39.4 ± 10.9 1 vs. 3 0.035 
Mental summary score      
 ATL 51.2 ± 12.3 52.7 ± 15.5 51.6 ± 13.0 NS  
 TCC 49.9 ± 11.3 48.2 ± 13.3 51.8 ± 11.5 NS NS (0.56) 
Outcome variable and groupTest 1 (before treatment)Test 2 (after primary treatment and healing)Test 3 (8 months after primary treatment and healing)Post hoc within group over time testsANOVA group × test (P)
Physical functioning      
 ATL 31.8 ± 8.6 27.7 ± 6.8 28.1 ± 5.3* NS  
 TCC 31.7 ± 7.1 32.8 ± 8.7 38.9 ± 11.5 1 and 2 vs. 3 P = 0.015 
Role physical      
 ATL 40.3 ± 10.5 32.1 ± 13.7 35.9 ± 9.5 1 and 2 vs. 3  
 TCC 35.4 ± 11.5 35.4 ± 11.5 40.8 ± 10.4 1 vs. 3 NS (0.085) 
Bodily pain      
 ATL 43.9 ± 11.5 44.4 ± 10.6 42.9 ± 12.9 NS  
 TCC 45.6 ± 10.6 44.9 ± 11.8 49.6 ± 8.5 NS NS (0.64) 
General health      
 ATL 39.7 ± 11.8 41.2 ± 11.8 36.3 ± 9.6 2 vs. 3  
 TCC 37.2 ± 11.1 37.8 ± 8.5 40.1 ± 11.2 NS 0.049 
Vitality      
 ATL 48.1 ± 8.3 48.1 ± 12.9 45.8 ± 11.0 NS  
 TCC 45.5 ± 10.9 44.4 ± 9.9 47.3 ± 11.7 NS NS (0.45) 
Social functioning      
 ATL 42.8 ± 12.4 40.2 ± 15.7 38.6 ± 16.3 NS  
 TCC 40.8 ± 12.3 42.2 ± 11.8 44.9 ± 10.6 NS NS (0.50) 
Role emotional      
 ATL 45.9 ± 12.2 43.6 ± 13.8 45.1 ± 12.6 NS  
 TCC 46.0 ± 14.1 46.0 ± 13.4 49.4 ± 10.2 NS NS (0.88) 
Mental health      
 ATL 48.4 ± 11.5 51.1 ± 12.0 50.0 ± 9.9 NS  
 TCC 47.0 ± 7.5 43.7 ± 11.5 50.4 ± 10.1 NS NS (0.56) 
Physical summary score      
 ATL 35.5 ± 6.9 31.3 ± 8.0 31.0 ± 6.2* NS  
 TCC 33.9 ± 7.5 35.0 ± 7.7 39.4 ± 10.9 1 vs. 3 0.035 
Mental summary score      
 ATL 51.2 ± 12.3 52.7 ± 15.5 51.6 ± 13.0 NS  
 TCC 49.9 ± 11.3 48.2 ± 13.3 51.8 ± 11.5 NS NS (0.56) 

Data are means ± SD. Results from norm-based standardized SF-36 for ATL and TCC groups (1998 general U.S. population had a mean ± SD of 50 ± 10) (12).

*

Post hoc t test for group differences, ATL vs. TCC at given testing time (P < 0.05). ATL, n = 13; TCC, n = 12.

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