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Table 1

Diabetes prevalence by BMI standard and OR (95% CI) for diabetes by ethnic group

nDiabetes prevalence
OR (95% CI)
Normal weight
Overweight
Obese
Model 1*Model 2Model 3Model 4§
General: 18.5–24.9 kg/m2WHO: 18.5–22.9 kg/m2General: 25.0–29.9 kg/m2WHO: 23.0–27.4 kg/m2General: ≥30.0 kg/m2WHO: ≥27.5 kg/m2
White 140,291 2.4 ± 0.1 2.2 ± 0.1 4.2 ± 0.1 3.1 ± 0.1 10.8 ± 0.2 8.7 ± 0.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 
Asian Indian 1,357 6.8 ± 1.5 6.5 ± 1.9 8.8 ± 1.8 8.3 ± 1.7 32.9 ± 4.4 19.4 ± 3.5 2.0 (1.5–2.6) 3.1 (2.4–4.0) 3.0 (2.0–4.5) 3.5 (1.9–6.6) 
Chinese 1,510 2.7 ± 0.6 2.2 ± 0.7 5.2 ± 1.5 3.8 ± 0.8 16.8 ± 4.3 11.2 ± 3.2 0.8 (0.6–1.2) 1.5 (1.1–2.1) 1.6 (1.0–2.4) 2.3 (1.1–4.5) 
Filipino 1,485 4.4 ± 0.9 5.9 ± 3.7 6.2 ± 1.1 3.7 ± 0.7 10.9 ± 3.0 11.3 ± 2.0 1.2 (0.9–1.5) 1.6 (1.3–2.2) 1.6 (1.1–2.5) 2.2 (1.2–4.0) 
Other Asian 3,062 3.3 ± 0.5 2.7 ± 0.5 5.2 ± 0.8 4.1 ± 0.6 11.7 ± 2.8 9.0 ± 1.7 0.8 (0.7–1.0) 1.3 (1.0–1.7) 1.3 (1.0–1.7) 1.3 (0.8–2.2) 
nDiabetes prevalence
OR (95% CI)
Normal weight
Overweight
Obese
Model 1*Model 2Model 3Model 4§
General: 18.5–24.9 kg/m2WHO: 18.5–22.9 kg/m2General: 25.0–29.9 kg/m2WHO: 23.0–27.4 kg/m2General: ≥30.0 kg/m2WHO: ≥27.5 kg/m2
White 140,291 2.4 ± 0.1 2.2 ± 0.1 4.2 ± 0.1 3.1 ± 0.1 10.8 ± 0.2 8.7 ± 0.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 
Asian Indian 1,357 6.8 ± 1.5 6.5 ± 1.9 8.8 ± 1.8 8.3 ± 1.7 32.9 ± 4.4 19.4 ± 3.5 2.0 (1.5–2.6) 3.1 (2.4–4.0) 3.0 (2.0–4.5) 3.5 (1.9–6.6) 
Chinese 1,510 2.7 ± 0.6 2.2 ± 0.7 5.2 ± 1.5 3.8 ± 0.8 16.8 ± 4.3 11.2 ± 3.2 0.8 (0.6–1.2) 1.5 (1.1–2.1) 1.6 (1.0–2.4) 2.3 (1.1–4.5) 
Filipino 1,485 4.4 ± 0.9 5.9 ± 3.7 6.2 ± 1.1 3.7 ± 0.7 10.9 ± 3.0 11.3 ± 2.0 1.2 (0.9–1.5) 1.6 (1.3–2.2) 1.6 (1.1–2.5) 2.2 (1.2–4.0) 
Other Asian 3,062 3.3 ± 0.5 2.7 ± 0.5 5.2 ± 0.8 4.1 ± 0.6 11.7 ± 2.8 9.0 ± 1.7 0.8 (0.7–1.0) 1.3 (1.0–1.7) 1.3 (1.0–1.7) 1.3 (0.8–2.2) 

Data are prevalence estimates age and sex standardized to the 2000 U.S. population ± SEM unless otherwise indicated. Adjusted for

*sex and age (continuous),

†model 1 + BMI (continuous),

‡model 2 + education and poverty income ratio, and

§model 3 + physical activity, smoking, and alcohol drinking status.

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