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Table 1—

Clinical, laboratory characteristics, and lipid profile of type 2 diabetic patients

NormoalbuminuricMicroalbuminuricP
n 37 35  
Age (years) 58.9 ± 10.1 56.0 ± 9.3 0.207 
Gender (male) 18 (48.6) 20 (57.1) 0.490 
Diabetes duration (years) 10.6 ± 7.5 11.5 ± 7.7 0.650 
Hypertension 21 (56.8) 22 (62.9) 0.637 
Diabetes treatment (D/OA/I/I+OA) 5/28/0/4 2/16/7/10 0.003 
BMI (kg/m226.4 ± 3.5 27.9 ± 2.7 0.052 
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl) 121 ± 34 124 ± 32 0.698 
Fructosamine (mmol/l) 3.07 ± 0.54 3.39 ± 0.54 0.015 
GHb (%) 4.97 ± 0.78 5.50 ± 1.28 0.041 
Serum creatinine (mg/dl) 0.87 ± 0.19 0.88 ± 0.18 0.587 
24 h UAER (μg/min) 6.38 (3.78–7.66) 51.4 (31.9–81.4)  
Apolipoprotein B (mg/dl) 114 ± 31 124 ± 30 0.177 
Cholesterol (mg/dl) 196 ± 39 203 ± 35 0.432 
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 120 (92–195) 122 (88–175) 0.818 
HDL (mg/dl) 52 ± 20 49 ± 16 0.572 
HDL2 (mg/dl) 14 ± 13 11 ± 12 0.342 
HDL3 (mg/dl) 37 ± 15 38 ± 13 0.740 
LDL (mg/dl) 113 ± 32 124 ± 29 0.157 
Non-HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 144 ± 39 153 ± 35 0.305 
Cholesterol/HDL ratio 4.22 ± 1.61 4.36 ± 1.05 0.672 
NormoalbuminuricMicroalbuminuricP
n 37 35  
Age (years) 58.9 ± 10.1 56.0 ± 9.3 0.207 
Gender (male) 18 (48.6) 20 (57.1) 0.490 
Diabetes duration (years) 10.6 ± 7.5 11.5 ± 7.7 0.650 
Hypertension 21 (56.8) 22 (62.9) 0.637 
Diabetes treatment (D/OA/I/I+OA) 5/28/0/4 2/16/7/10 0.003 
BMI (kg/m226.4 ± 3.5 27.9 ± 2.7 0.052 
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl) 121 ± 34 124 ± 32 0.698 
Fructosamine (mmol/l) 3.07 ± 0.54 3.39 ± 0.54 0.015 
GHb (%) 4.97 ± 0.78 5.50 ± 1.28 0.041 
Serum creatinine (mg/dl) 0.87 ± 0.19 0.88 ± 0.18 0.587 
24 h UAER (μg/min) 6.38 (3.78–7.66) 51.4 (31.9–81.4)  
Apolipoprotein B (mg/dl) 114 ± 31 124 ± 30 0.177 
Cholesterol (mg/dl) 196 ± 39 203 ± 35 0.432 
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 120 (92–195) 122 (88–175) 0.818 
HDL (mg/dl) 52 ± 20 49 ± 16 0.572 
HDL2 (mg/dl) 14 ± 13 11 ± 12 0.342 
HDL3 (mg/dl) 37 ± 15 38 ± 13 0.740 
LDL (mg/dl) 113 ± 32 124 ± 29 0.157 
Non-HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 144 ± 39 153 ± 35 0.305 
Cholesterol/HDL ratio 4.22 ± 1.61 4.36 ± 1.05 0.672 

Data are expressed as mean ± SD, median (95% CI), or number of patients (%) with the characteristic. D/OA/I/I+OA, diet only/oral antidiabetic agents/insulin/insulin associated with oral antidiabetic agent.

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