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Table 2—

Item content and means of the CIDS scale

Dutch sampleU.S. sample
n 151 190 
I believe I can. . .   
 plan my meals and snacks according to dietary guidelines. 4.24 ± 0.78 4.31 ± 0.93 
 check my blood glucose at least two times a day. 4.48 ± 0.98 4.67 ± 0.81 
 perform the prescribed number of daily insulin injections. 4.88 ± 0.55 4.82 ± 0.52 
 adjust my insulin for exercise, traveling, or celebrations. 4.78 ± 0.53 4.52* ± 0.79 
 adjust my insulin when I am sick. 4.44 ± 0.85 4.34 ± 0.88 
 detect high levels of blood glucose in time to correct. 4.28 ± 0.90 4.34 ± 0.92 
 detect low levels of blood glucose in time to correct. 4.17 ± 0.89 4.21 ± 0.94 
 treat a high blood glucose correctly. 4.50 ± 0.67 4.54 ± 0.73 
 treat a low blood glucose correctly. 4.45 ± 0.68 4.59 ± 0.71 
 keep daily records of my blood glucose. 4.05 ± 1.25 4.44* ± 0.91 
 decide when it’s necessary to contact my doctor or diabetes educator. 4.51 ± 0.62 4.56 ± 0.65 
 ask my doctor questions about my treatment plan. 4.72 ± 0.54 4.69 ± 0.63 
 keep my blood glucose in the normal range when under stress. 3.77 ± 0.98 3.66 ± 1.05 
 check my feet for sores or blisters every day. 4.01 ± 1.09 4.54* ± 0.83 
 ask my friends or relatives for help with my diabetes. 3.80 ± 1.17 4.01 ± 1.13 
 inform colleagues/others of my diabetes, if needed. 4.42 ± 0.79 4.45 ± 0.91 
 keep my medical appointments. 4.68 ± 0.66 4.84 ± 0.41 
 exercise two to three times weekly. 3.84 ± 1.29 4.19 ± 0.98 
 figure out what foods to eat when dining out. 4.37 ± 0.82 4.32 ± 0.89 
 read and hear about diabetes complications without getting discouraged. 4.05 ± 1.08 4.02 ± 1.07 
Total scale 83.0 ± 11.5 85.0 ± 12.5 
Dutch sampleU.S. sample
n 151 190 
I believe I can. . .   
 plan my meals and snacks according to dietary guidelines. 4.24 ± 0.78 4.31 ± 0.93 
 check my blood glucose at least two times a day. 4.48 ± 0.98 4.67 ± 0.81 
 perform the prescribed number of daily insulin injections. 4.88 ± 0.55 4.82 ± 0.52 
 adjust my insulin for exercise, traveling, or celebrations. 4.78 ± 0.53 4.52* ± 0.79 
 adjust my insulin when I am sick. 4.44 ± 0.85 4.34 ± 0.88 
 detect high levels of blood glucose in time to correct. 4.28 ± 0.90 4.34 ± 0.92 
 detect low levels of blood glucose in time to correct. 4.17 ± 0.89 4.21 ± 0.94 
 treat a high blood glucose correctly. 4.50 ± 0.67 4.54 ± 0.73 
 treat a low blood glucose correctly. 4.45 ± 0.68 4.59 ± 0.71 
 keep daily records of my blood glucose. 4.05 ± 1.25 4.44* ± 0.91 
 decide when it’s necessary to contact my doctor or diabetes educator. 4.51 ± 0.62 4.56 ± 0.65 
 ask my doctor questions about my treatment plan. 4.72 ± 0.54 4.69 ± 0.63 
 keep my blood glucose in the normal range when under stress. 3.77 ± 0.98 3.66 ± 1.05 
 check my feet for sores or blisters every day. 4.01 ± 1.09 4.54* ± 0.83 
 ask my friends or relatives for help with my diabetes. 3.80 ± 1.17 4.01 ± 1.13 
 inform colleagues/others of my diabetes, if needed. 4.42 ± 0.79 4.45 ± 0.91 
 keep my medical appointments. 4.68 ± 0.66 4.84 ± 0.41 
 exercise two to three times weekly. 3.84 ± 1.29 4.19 ± 0.98 
 figure out what foods to eat when dining out. 4.37 ± 0.82 4.32 ± 0.89 
 read and hear about diabetes complications without getting discouraged. 4.05 ± 1.08 4.02 ± 1.07 
Total scale 83.0 ± 11.5 85.0 ± 12.5 

Data are n or means ± SD. Scoring range: from 1 (“No, I am sure I cannot”) to 5 (“Yes, I am sure I can”).

*

P < 0.001,

P < 0.01.

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