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Table 1—

Characteristics of 1,765 patients cared for in 44 clinics from 30 U.S. academic medical centers

General medicineDiabetes/endocrinologyP value
n 27 clinics/1,175 patients 17 clinics/590 patients  
Age (years) 57.9 ± 12.7 54.0 ± 15.9 <0.001 
Women 719 (61.2) 322 (54.6) 0.008 
Race    
    Caucasian/white 350 (29.8) 302 (51.2) <0.001 
    African American 457 (38.9) 157 (26.6)  
    Hispanic 236 (20.1) 40 (6.8)  
    Other 132 (11.2) 91 (15.4)  
English fluency 875 (74.5) 433 (73.4) 0.6 
Primary insurer    
    Medicare 369 (31.4) 195 (33.1) <0.001 
    Managed care 258 (22.0) 114 (19.3)  
    Private 106 (9.0) 140 (23.7)  
    Self-pay 179 (15.2) 51 (8.6)  
    Medicaid 126 (10.7) 61 (10.3)  
    Other 137 (11.7) 24 (4.9)  
Type 2 diabetes 1,072 (91.5) 436 (73.9) <0.001 
Glycemic therapy    
    Diet/exercise only 114 (9.7) 16 (2.7) <0.001 
    Oral medications only 683 (56.1) 178 (30.2)  
    Any insulin use 378 (32.2) 396 (67.1)  
CAD 967 (82.3) 463 (78.5) 0.06 
Obesity 492 (41.9) 184 (31.2) <0.001 
General medicineDiabetes/endocrinologyP value
n 27 clinics/1,175 patients 17 clinics/590 patients  
Age (years) 57.9 ± 12.7 54.0 ± 15.9 <0.001 
Women 719 (61.2) 322 (54.6) 0.008 
Race    
    Caucasian/white 350 (29.8) 302 (51.2) <0.001 
    African American 457 (38.9) 157 (26.6)  
    Hispanic 236 (20.1) 40 (6.8)  
    Other 132 (11.2) 91 (15.4)  
English fluency 875 (74.5) 433 (73.4) 0.6 
Primary insurer    
    Medicare 369 (31.4) 195 (33.1) <0.001 
    Managed care 258 (22.0) 114 (19.3)  
    Private 106 (9.0) 140 (23.7)  
    Self-pay 179 (15.2) 51 (8.6)  
    Medicaid 126 (10.7) 61 (10.3)  
    Other 137 (11.7) 24 (4.9)  
Type 2 diabetes 1,072 (91.5) 436 (73.9) <0.001 
Glycemic therapy    
    Diet/exercise only 114 (9.7) 16 (2.7) <0.001 
    Oral medications only 683 (56.1) 178 (30.2)  
    Any insulin use 378 (32.2) 396 (67.1)  
CAD 967 (82.3) 463 (78.5) 0.06 
Obesity 492 (41.9) 184 (31.2) <0.001 

Data are means ± SD or n (%). General clinics include internal medicine, family practice, and primary care practices; specialty clinics include diabetes and endocrinology practices.

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